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Assessment of VTVL and VTHL Reusable First Stages

Bussler, Leonid and Wilken, Jascha and Stappert, Sven and Sippel, Martin and Dietlein, Ingrid Monika and Dumont, Etienne (2018) Assessment of VTVL and VTHL Reusable First Stages. HiSST 2018, 26–29 November 2018, Moskau, Russland.

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Abstract

Two-stage vertical take-off vertical landing (VTVL) and vertical take-off horizontal landing (VTHL) partially reusable launcher configurations are systematically analyzed. The investigated configurations consider a reusable first stage that either performs a landing at the launch site (return to launch site RTLS) or a landing downrange of the launch site (downrange landing DRL). The considered propellant combinations include LOX/LH2, LOX/LCH4 and LOX/RP-1. Configurations based on staged combustion and gas generator cycle engines are analyzed. The same engines however with different expansion ratios are used on the reusable first stages and the expendable upper stages. Special emphasis is put on analyzing the different configurations under similar design assumptions that allow a comparison of gross lift-off masses, stage lift-off masses, stage structural indices as well as loads encountered by the reusable stages during atmospheric reentry. Based on this comparison benefits and drawbacks of the investigated RLV configurations are discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125063/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Dokumentennummer: HiSST 2018-1130816
Title:Assessment of VTVL and VTHL Reusable First Stages
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bussler, Leonidleonid.bussler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0657-4086
Wilken, JaschaJascha.Wilken (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5748-1261
Stappert, SvenSven.Stappert (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8425-2779
Sippel, Martinmartin.sippel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7356-7575
Dietlein, Ingrid MonikaIngrid.Dietlein (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Date:2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:VTVL, VTHL, RLV
Event Title:HiSST 2018
Event Location:Moskau, Russland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26–29 November 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Systemanalyse Raumtransport
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Space Launcher Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Vormschlag, Nele Marei
Deposited On:15 Jan 2019 09:45
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:23

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