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Calibrations and Wind Observations of an Airborne Direct Detection Wind Lidar Supporting ESA's Aeolus Mission

Marksteiner, Uwe and Lemmerz, Christian and Lux, Oliver and Rahm, Stephan and Schäfler, Andreas and Witschas, Benjamin and Reitebuch, Oliver (2019) Calibrations and Wind Observations of an Airborne Direct Detection Wind Lidar Supporting ESA's Aeolus Mission. Remote Sensing, 10 (12), 2056/1-30. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/rs10122056 ISSN 2072-4292

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10122056

Abstract

Abstract: The Aeolus satellite mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) has brought the first wind lidar to space in order to satisfy the long existing need for global wind profile observations. Until the successful launch on August 22nd, 2018, pre-launch campaign activities supported the validation of the measurement principle, the instrument calibration and the optimization of retrieval algorithms. Therefore, an airborne prototype instrument has been developed, the ALADIN Airborne Demonstrator (A2D), with ALADIN being the Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument of Aeolus. Two airborne campaigns were conducted over Greenland, Iceland and the Atlantic Ocean in September 2009 and May 2015, employing the A2D as the first worldwide airborne direct-detection Doppler Wind Lidar (DWL) and well established coherent 2-µm wind lidar. Both wind lidar instruments were operated on the same aircraft measuring Mie backscatter from aerosols and clouds as well as Rayleigh backscatter from molecules in parallel. This paper particularly focuses on the instrument response calibration method of the A2D and its importance for accurate wind retrieval results. We provide a detailed description of the analysis of wind measurement data gathered during the two campaigns, introducing a dedicated aerial interpolation algorithm that takes into account the different resolution grids of the two lidar systems. A statistical comparison of line of sight (LOS) winds for the campaign in 2015 yielded estimations of the systematic and random (mean absolute deviation) errors of A2D observations of about 0.7 m/s and 2.1 m/s, respectively, for the Rayleigh, and 0.05 m/s and 2.3 m/s, respectively, for the Mie channel. In view of the launch of Aeolus, differences between the A2D and the satellite mission are highlighted along the way, identifying the particular assets and drawbacks.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125045/
Document Type:Article
Title:Calibrations and Wind Observations of an Airborne Direct Detection Wind Lidar Supporting ESA's Aeolus Mission
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Marksteiner, UweDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4335-922X
Lemmerz, ChristianDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Lux, OliverDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1491-0323
Rahm, StephanDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Schäfler, AndreasDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6165-6623
Witschas, BenjaminDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7993-1470
Reitebuch, OliverDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8503-0094
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:10
DOI :10.3390/rs10122056
Page Range:2056/1-30
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Series Name:Special Issue: "Optical and Laser Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere"
ISSN:2072-4292
Status:Published
Keywords:lidar; wind; Doppler; direct-detection; Mie; Rayleigh; fringe imaging; double edge; A2D; Aeolus
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ADM
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Marksteiner, Dr. Uwe
Deposited On:18 Dec 2018 12:43
Last Modified:27 May 2020 12:51

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