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How a laboratory on the Moon should be equipped

Heinicke, Christiane and Jaret, Steven and Ormö, Jens and Fateri, Miranda and Kopacz, Nina and Baque, Mickael and Verseux, Cyprien and Foing, Bernard and Razeto, Alberto (2018) How a laboratory on the Moon should be equipped. 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 1-5 Oct 2018, Bremen, Germany.

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Abstract

The Moon is at the center of attention in many current plans for spaceflight activities, particularly manned missions. Significant progress has recently been made in the transportation to the Moon, and several institutes work on systems and system components to support human life on the surface of the Moon. One of these activities is project MaMBA (short for Moon and Mars Base Analog) which is located at the ZARM in Bremen and is dedicated to creating a full-scale, technologically functioning habitat. Unlike MaMBA, most of these projects focus on habitability alone – neglecting scientists’ desire to perform meaningful analyses, using the advantages of human presence at the location of interest. This approach is concurrent with how most spaceflight missions have been implemented in the past, adding scientific instruments after most of the engineering work is already finished. This often limited scientific studies to relatively scattered, insular topics. One of the main goals of project MaMBA is therefore to create a base that allows scientists to comprehensively study the most relevant areas of interest. Our focus is the in-base laboratory, and any equipment that should be available inside the habitat, but we also take into consideration instrumentation that may more efficiently be placed outside the habitat and/or on-board of rovers. The purpose of the habitat laboratory is to perform some basic investigations; in-depth analyses of selected samples are supposed to remain within the responsibility of Earth-based laboratories. However, the base may help chose which samples should be sent to Earth for further analysis. The authors of this paper represent different disciplines with a particular interest in scientific exploitation of the Moon. These represented disciplines are: geology, materials science, astrochemistry, astrobiology, medicine, and astronomy. We will present what we deem some of the most important questions that could be addressed on the Moon, and how these may be addressed efficiently instrument-wise. We will consider synergies between the different disciplines, saving weight and space wherever possible, and make recommendations for a to-be-built lunar base. While the direct addressee of our recommendations is the MaMBA laboratory, most of them are also applicable to general non-terrestrial surface laboratories.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/124896/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:How a laboratory on the Moon should be equipped
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Heinicke, ChristianeZARM, University of Bremen, Germany (christiane.heinicke (at) zarm.uni-bremen.de)UNSPECIFIED
Jaret, StevenStony Brook University, United States (steven.jaret (at) stonybrook.edu)UNSPECIFIED
Ormö, JensCentro de Astrobiologia (INTA-CSIC), Spain, (ormoj (at) cab.inta-csic.es)UNSPECIFIED
Fateri, Mirandamiranda.fateri (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kopacz, NinaUtrecht UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Baque, MickaelMickael.Baque (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6696-6030
Verseux, CyprienConcordia Station AntarcticaUNSPECIFIED
Foing, BernardEuropean Space Agency, ESTEC, Research and Scientific Support Department, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Razeto, AlbertoConcordia Station AntarcticaUNSPECIFIED
Date:2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:lunar laboratory, Moon base, prototype, MaMBA
Event Title:69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Bremen, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:1-5 Oct 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Scientific Experiments MP
Deposited By: Baque, Dr. Mickael
Deposited On:08 Jan 2019 08:58
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:22

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