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Fungi in space: Implications for astronaut health and planetary protection

Cortesao, Marta and de Haas, Aram and Laue, Michael and Hemmersbach, Ruth and Hellweg, Christine E. and Venkateswaran, Kasthuri and Zea, Luis and Meyer, Vera and Moeller, Ralf (2018) Fungi in space: Implications for astronaut health and planetary protection. In: EANA 2018 - Abstractbook. EANA 2018, 24-28 September 2018, Berlin, Germany.

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Official URL: http://www.eana-net.eu/index.php?page=Conferences/EANA2018

Abstract

Aspergillus and Penicillium were the predominant fungal genera detected aboard the Russian Space Station (Mir) as well as the International Space Station (ISS), and fungal growth has been shown to promote biodegradation of spacecraft materials which might compromise life-support systems [1-2]. Moreover, as spore formers, filamentous fungiareathreattoastronauts’health,andtheirresistantsporesmayposeathreattoplanetaryprotection.This, together with their ability to form biofilms, makes monitoring and controlling fungal populations a challenge when it comes to meeting the medical and operation requirements for the current and future space missions [3-5]. The doctoral study work here presented focuses on i) understanding fungal growth and biofilm formation in the space environment, ii) searching for spaceflight-relevant antimicrobial surfaces; iii) assessing fungal radiation resistance, and iv) identifying the potential of these fungi in space biotechnology.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/124465/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Fungi in space: Implications for astronaut health and planetary protection
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Cortesao, MartaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
de Haas, AramRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Laue, MichaelRobert Koch Institute (RKI), Advanced Light and Electron Microscopy, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Hemmersbach, RuthDepartment of Gravitational Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Hellweg, Christine E.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-3580
Venkateswaran, KasthuriBiotechnology and Planetary Protection Group, California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Zea, LuisBioServe Space Technologies, University of Colorado, Boulder, USAUNSPECIFIED
Meyer, VeraDepartment of Applied and Molecular Microbiology, Institute of Biotechnology, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Moeller, RalfRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; ralf.moeller (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0676
Date:25 September 2018
Journal or Publication Title:EANA 2018 - Abstractbook
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:planetary protection, astronaut health, antimicrobial surfaces, fungi in space
Event Title:EANA 2018
Event Location:Berlin, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:24-28 September 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Gravitational Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:10 Dec 2018 15:53
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:22

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