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Heuristic and Optimized Sensor Tasking Observation Strategies with Exemplification for Geosynchronous Objects

Früh, Carolin and Fiedler, Hauke and Herzog, Johannes (2018) Heuristic and Optimized Sensor Tasking Observation Strategies with Exemplification for Geosynchronous Objects. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 41 (5), pp. 1036-1048. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). DOI: 10.2514/1.G003123 ISSN 0731-5090

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Official URL: https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/1.G003123

Abstract

With the new space fence technology, the catalog of known space objects is expected to increase to the order of 100,000 objects. Objects need to be initially detected, and sufficient observations need to be collected to allow for a first orbit determination. Furthermore, the objects have to be reobserved regularly, to keep them in the catalog, because the position uncertainty of the objects increases over time, due to unmodeled dynamic effects. Only a small number of ground-based and even fewer space-based sensors are currently available that are able to collect observations, compared to the large number of objects that need to be observed. This makes efficient sensor tasking, which takes into account the realistic ramifications of the problem, crucial in building up and maintaining a precise and accurate catalog of space objects. The time-varying sensor performance and specific sensor constraints are influenced by the sensor location and observational environmental effects, sensor hardware, processing software, and observation modes. This paper shows a new method of solving sensor tasking as an optimization problem translating the heuristic principles that have been successfully applied in sensor tasking of actual space situational awareness networks in a rigorous mathematical framework. A computationally fast near-optimal solution is presented, outperforming traditional heuristic sensor tasking methods. Applications of the methodology are shown via the example of the geosynchronous objects listed in the US Strategic Command two-line element catalog. The results are compared to state-of-the-art observation strategies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/124396/
Document Type:Article
Title:Heuristic and Optimized Sensor Tasking Observation Strategies with Exemplification for Geosynchronous Objects
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Früh, CarolinPurdue UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Fiedler, HaukeHauke.Fiedler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Herzog, JohannesJohannes.Herzog (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2018
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:41
DOI :10.2514/1.G003123
Page Range:pp. 1036-1048
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
ISSN:0731-5090
Status:Published
Keywords:geostationary observation, geosynchronous surve, space debris
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):Verfahren zur verbesserten Detektion, Ortung und Verfolgung von Orbitalen Objekten
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > Space Flight Technology
Deposited By: Fiedler, Dr. Hauke
Deposited On:10 Dec 2018 17:01
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:22

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