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Synergies and Conflicts in the Provision of Ecosystem Services by Small-scale Forest Owners

Da Ponte, Emmanuel and Fleckenstein, Martina and Parker, Amanda and Oppelt, Natascha and Künzer, Claudia (2017) Synergies and Conflicts in the Provision of Ecosystem Services by Small-scale Forest Owners. IUFRO 125th Anniversary Congress, Freiburg, Germany.

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Abstract

The Upper Parana Atlantic Forest (BAPPA) Paraguay is one of the most endangered tropical forests in the world. The uninterrupted advance of large mechanize agricultural farming has left less than 10 % of its original cover intact. Despite the fact that rates of deforestation have decreased over the last years the concern still remains. In order to halt the disappearance of the forest, the Paraguayan government put in place several strategies and monitoring programs. One of the most encouraging initiatives is the "Valuation and Retribution of Ecosystem Service Law 3001/2006" (PES).While the concept of ecosystem services has been wildly implemented by policy makers, it is not perceived strongly by the direct users of the forest. Therefore, this study provides a comprehensive understanding how landowners in the BAAPA perceive and use the ecosystem services derived from the forest and what is their influence on forest conservation. The results were obtained from an extensive socio economic household survey conducted at the BAAPA region in January 2016. Landowners are classified into three groups: small-, medium- and large-scale farmers. General outcomes demonstrate that respondent's perceptions and uses of the forest appear to be related to farm size. A strong dependency on forest-related products was observed for small and medium landowners whereas large farmers considered forests main value to be recreational and cultural. Common to all is the understanding of the high ecological value of the forest and the impact of its disappearance. PES appears to be a well-accepted by forest owners, however a higher promotion must be given, in particular among large-scale farmers group. Overall, interviewees supported the current environmental laws but remarked the crescent corruption among environmental authorities. Understanding the social value given to ecosystem services is a valuable contribution towards to the development of measures aimed at conserving natural resources.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/124386/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Synergies and Conflicts in the Provision of Ecosystem Services by Small-scale Forest Owners
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Da Ponte, EmmanuelEmmanuel.DaPonte (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Fleckenstein, Martinamartina.fleckenstein (at) wwf.deUNSPECIFIED
Parker, Amandaamanda.parker (at) wwf.deUNSPECIFIED
Oppelt, Nataschaoppelt (at) geographie.uni-kiel.deUNSPECIFIED
Künzer, ClaudiaClaudia.Kuenzer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:BAAPA, PES, perception, household-survey
Event Title:IUFRO 125th Anniversary Congress
Event Location:Freiburg, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface Dynamics
Deposited By: Da Ponte, Emmanuel
Deposited On:08 Dec 2018 14:42
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:22

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