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RADIATION RESPONSE OF PORCINE LENS EPITHELIAL CELLS AND EYE LENSES IN ORGAN-CULTURE

Baumstark-Khan, Christa and Konda, Bikash and Spitta, Luis F. and Hellweg, Christine Elisabeth (2018) RADIATION RESPONSE OF PORCINE LENS EPITHELIAL CELLS AND EYE LENSES IN ORGAN-CULTURE. 69th International Astronautical Congress 2018, 01.-05. Okt. 2018, Bremen, Germany.

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Official URL: https://iafastro.directory/iac/paper/id/44951/summary/

Abstract

Astronauts on long-term space missions have a higher risk for the expression of radiation late effects such as cancer or sub-capsular cortical eye lens opacities. This is due to higher dose and different patterns of cellular energy deposition from high-linear-energy-transfer (LET) components of galactic cosmic radiation in space than that of terrestrial low-LET radiation on Earth. The eye lens is a radiation sensitive organ with radiation induced cataract to occur with a threshold absorbed dose of 0.5 Gy (0 - 1 Gy) of sparsely ionizing radiation. Doses perceived by astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) are in average 150 mSv per year (Cucinotta et al. (2001) Radiat Res. 156:460-466). Radiationinduced lens opacification is assumed to initiate from post irradiation proliferative activity of genetically damaged lens epithelial cells with alterations in cell cycle control, apoptosis, differentiation, and cellular disorganization, or other pathways controlling lens fiber cells’ differentiation. As the porcine eye lens is similar to the human lens in size and anatomy, DNA damage response was investigated in ex-vivo porcine lenses in organ culture, in in-vitro cultivated lens epithelial slabs (ES) and in porcine lens epithelial cells (pLEC). Cell survival of proliferative cells was calculated from colony forming ability (CFA) assay. The phosphorylated form of H2AX (γH2AX) was used as a molecular marker to visualize DNA double strand breaks (DSB) and their repair. Propidium iodide based DNA staining for cellular DNA content marked radiation-induced cell cycle disturbances. In pLEC the cell survival curve of immediate plated cells and after a recovery period of 24 h follow the equation S=1.40xD+ln 1.47 and S=1.59xD+ln 1.79, respectively. DNA DSB are induced in a dose-dependent manner ( 18 DSB/cell/Gy) and repaired during successive recovery ( 5 DSB/cell/Gy residual damage after 24 h). For doses >2 Gy a cell cycle arrest in G2 phase occurred 24 h after X-irradiation and persisted up to 72 h post-irradiation. DNA DSB induction and repair could as well be documented for ES and whole lenses after X-irradiation. In whole lenses, the amount of residual damage (after 24 h and 48 h) was highest in the equatorial zone while in the central epithelial zone DSB repair seemed to proceed with time in a manner comparable to in-vitro cultivated pLEC. Lens organ culture allows cellular metabolism and DNA synthesis in whole lenses. Repair of DNA DSB takes place in the central epithelial layer and is reduced in the equatorial region of cultivated lenses.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/124384/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:RADIATION RESPONSE OF PORCINE LENS EPITHELIAL CELLS AND EYE LENSES IN ORGAN-CULTURE
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Baumstark-Khan, ChristaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Konda, BikashUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Spitta, Luis F.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hellweg, Christine ElisabethUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-3580
Date:10 March 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:High-Linear-Energy-Transfer (LET), Galactic Cosmic Radiation, Radiation Response, Porcine Lens Epithelial Cells, Organ-Culture
Event Title:69th International Astronautical Congress 2018
Event Location:Bremen, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:01.-05. Okt. 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:10 Dec 2018 15:50
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:22

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