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Addressing key psychological and physiological factors in preparation for Long Duration manned missions - suggested Adaptation of current Astronaut training

Decadi, Aline and Schlosser, Karoloy and Bettiol, Laura and Berquand, Audrey and Fittock, Mark and Gilleron, Jerome and Grulich, Maria and Jousada, Joao and Milankovich, Dorothea and Benecken, Ian and Trivedi, Akash and Lucic, Tajana and Milza, Fabiana and Elsen, Michael (2018) Addressing key psychological and physiological factors in preparation for Long Duration manned missions - suggested Adaptation of current Astronaut training. 69th Intern. Astronautical Congress, 30.09. - 05.10.2018, Bremen.

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Long-duration human space flight missions (longer than 6 months) create new challenges in space exploration. Maintaining crew well-being and performance is critical for the success of these missions. In addition to physiological effects (e.g. due to microgravity or radiation), experiments have demonstrated that in this extreme environment, long-term spaceflight can have adverse psychological and sociological 1 Paper ID: 44485effects on the crew. The Space Exploration Working Group of the 2nd and 3rd \European - Space Generation Workshops" (E-SGW) organized by the Space Generation Advisory Council (SGAC) in Paris, France in March 2017 and in Bucharest, Romania in March 2018 set out the following topics that will be addressed in this paper: 1) Identify physiological and psychosocial risks for long-duration manned missions; 2) Propose mitigation measures against these detrimental health effects and impact they could have; 3) Consider if the astronaut selection process and training could be adapted to the needs of future missions. Physiological risks are dominated by the effects of radiation and microgravity causing a myriad of potential short and long term health issues for astronauts. Medical challenges need to be addressed not only with technical countermeasures, but also considering crucial factors such as team composition and training. Potential psychological disorders include a wide range of mental health problems (for example chronic stress, sleep disorders, anxiety, psychosis, psychosomatic illness, mood disorders) that are not only detrimental to the astronaut, but also reduce productivity. Interpersonal challenges that could develop in such conditions include a tendency to avoid social contact, as well as tension and conflicts arising within the team, which increase with the duration of the mission and distance from Earth, as the Crew becomes more isolated. The breadth of the identified psychological problems needs the implementation of countermeasures to minimize the effects of this stress-inducing environment. Suggested evidence-based and applied psychological approaches in contextual behavioural science could successfully reduce the stress imposed and increase psychological well-being, team cohesion and performance of the crew. A range of potential changes to current selection and training techniques for long-term missions is discussed focusing on selection criteria, to ensure a complementary interpersonal mix within teams, and training to Support both the physical and psychological demands and endurance required for long-term space travel. The presented topic will be examined interdisciplinarily, and will aim to identify a practical and pragmatic approach to enable human spaceflight, balancing risk acceptance versus risk mitigation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/124311/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Addressing key psychological and physiological factors in preparation for Long Duration manned missions - suggested Adaptation of current Astronaut training
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Decadi, AlineHE Space Operations, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Schlosser, KaroloyUKUNSPECIFIED
Bettiol, LauraSpace Generatin Advisory Council (SGAC), ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Berquand, AudreyUniversity of Strathyclde, UKUNSPECIFIED
Fittock, MarkOHB Sstem AG, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Gilleron, JeromeGeorgia Institute of Technology, School of Aerospace Eng. USAUNSPECIFIED
Grulich, MariaESA - Netherland (know DLR Cologne)UNSPECIFIED
Jousada, JoaoGMV Insyen AG, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Milankovich, DorotheaSpace Generatin Advisory Council (SGAC), GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Benecken, IanSpace Generation Advisory Council (SGAC), GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Trivedi, AkashUniversity of Oxford, UKUNSPECIFIED
Lucic, TajanaSpace Exploration Project group, Space Generatin Advisory council (SGAC), CroatiaUNSPECIFIED
Milza, FabianaSapienza University of Rome,ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Elsen, MichaelZARM Uni BremenUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 October 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Human Spaceflight, Astronaut Training
Event Title:69th Intern. Astronautical Congress
Event Location:Bremen
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:30.09. - 05.10.2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):Vorhaben Nutzerzentrum Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:10 Dec 2018 16:11
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:22

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