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Lifetime prediction of aluminum solar mirrors by correlating accelerated aging and outdoor exposure experiments

Sutter, Florian and Wette, Johannes and Wiesinger, Florian and Fernandez-Garcia, Aranzazu and Ziegler, Stefan and Dasbach, Reinhard (2018) Lifetime prediction of aluminum solar mirrors by correlating accelerated aging and outdoor exposure experiments. Solar Energy, 174, pp. 149-163. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.spöemer.2018.09.006 ISSN 0038-092X

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Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/solener


The reflectors used for Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST) technologies are expected to withstand harsh environmental conditions during their lifetime of more than 20 years without a significant specular reflectance loss. Accelerated aging testing is currently used by mirror manufacturers as a tool for quality assurance of their running production. So far, it was not possible to predict the lifetime under distinct environmental conditions based on accelerated aging. This paper presents a methodology to correlate accelerated aging testing with three reference exposure sites. The accelerated aging methodology consists of a multiple test sequence, in which the samples subsequently undergo three types of corrosion and one mechanical erosion test. This procedure has been already published as a SolarPACES guideline. The purpose of this paper is to present the underlying correlations that led to the selection of the testing parameters, which permit to derive service lifetime estimations of aluminum reflectors. In addition, this paper presents an updated mechanical erosion test to improve correlation to outdoors. Finally, the resulting reflectance losses caused by the accelerated aging testing sequence have been validated by comparing to outdoor exposure data after up to 36 months of exposure. According to the results obtained, the average errors of the accelerated aging tests with respect to real outdoor values are of around 2 ppt for the monochromatic specular and 1 ppt for the solar hemispherical reflectance losses to simulate 3 years of exposure in “desert” and “coastal” sites.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/123462/
Document Type:Article
Title:Lifetime prediction of aluminum solar mirrors by correlating accelerated aging and outdoor exposure experiments
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Sutter, FlorianFlorian.Sutter (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2981-5807
Wette, JohannesJohannes.Wette (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1389-5176
Wiesinger, Florianflorian.wiesinger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7062-0497
Fernandez-Garcia, Aranzazuarantxa.fernandez (at) psa.esUNSPECIFIED
Ziegler, StefanAlanodUNSPECIFIED
Dasbach, ReinhardAlmecoUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Solar Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.spöemer.2018.09.006
Page Range:pp. 149-163
Series Name:ElSevier
Keywords:Concentrating solar thermal Technology, Aluminum solar reflector, Degradation, Corrosion, Accelerated aging, Lifetime prediction
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Thermal Technology
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SW - Solar and Wind Energy
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Impact of Desert Environment
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Qualification
Deposited By: Kruschinski, Anja
Deposited On:17 Dec 2018 12:16
Last Modified:17 Dec 2018 12:16

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