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Experimental Simulation Set-Up for Validating Out-Of-The-Loop Mitigation when Monitoring High Levels of Automation in Air Traffic Control

Ohneiser, Oliver and De Crescenzio, Francesca and Di Flumeri, Gianluca and Kraemer, Jan and Berberian, Bruno and Bagassi, Sara and Sciaraffa, Nicolina and Aricò, Pietro and Borghini, Gianluca and Babiloni, Fabio (2018) Experimental Simulation Set-Up for Validating Out-Of-The-Loop Mitigation when Monitoring High Levels of Automation in Air Traffic Control. International Conference on Air Traffic Management and Aviation, 16.-17. Apr. 2018, Lissabon, Portugal.

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Abstract

An increasing degree of automation in air traffic will also change the role of the air traffic controller (ATCO). ATCOs will fulfill significantly more monitoring tasks compared to today. However, this rather passive role may lead to Out-Of-The-Loop (OOTL) effects comprising vigilance decrement and less situation awareness. The project MINIMA (Mitigating Negative Impacts of Monitoring high levels of Automation) has conceived a system to control and mitigate such OOTL phenomena. In order to demonstrate the MINIMA concept, an experimental simulation set-up has been designed. This set-up consists of two parts: 1) a Task Environment (TE) comprising a Terminal Maneuvering Area (TMA) simulator as well as 2) a Vigilance and Attention Controller (VAC) based on neurophysiological data recording such as electroencephalography (EEG) and eye-tracking devices. The current vigilance level and the attention focus of the controller are measured during the ATCO's active work in front of the human machine interface (HMI). The derived vigilance level and attention trigger adaptive automation functionalities in the TE to avoid OOTL effects. This paper describes the full-scale experimental set-up and the component development work towards it. Hence, it encompasses a pre-test whose results influenced the development of the VAC as well as the functionalities of the final TE and the two VAC's sub-components.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/123458/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Experimental Simulation Set-Up for Validating Out-Of-The-Loop Mitigation when Monitoring High Levels of Automation in Air Traffic Control
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ohneiser, OliverOliver.Ohneiser (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5411-691X
De Crescenzio, Francescafrancesca.decrescenzio (at) unibo.itUNSPECIFIED
Di Flumeri, Gianlucagianluca.diflumeri (at) brainsigns.comUNSPECIFIED
Kraemer, Janjan.kraemer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Berberian, Brunobruno.berberian (at) onera.frUNSPECIFIED
Bagassi, Sarasara.bagassi (at) unibo.itUNSPECIFIED
Sciaraffa, Nicolinanicolina.sciaraffa (at) uniroma1.itUNSPECIFIED
Aricò, Pietropietro.arico (at) brainsigns.comUNSPECIFIED
Borghini, Gianlucagianluca.borghini (at) uniroma1.itUNSPECIFIED
Babiloni, FabioFabio.Babiloni (at) uniroma1.itUNSPECIFIED
Date:17 April 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:12
Page Range:pp. 283-294
Series Name:International Journal of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
Status:Published
Keywords:Automation; Human Factors; Air Traffic Controller; MINIMA; OOTL; Out-Of-The-Loop; EEG; Electroencephalography; HMI; Human Machine Interface
Event Title:International Conference on Air Traffic Management and Aviation
Event Location:Lissabon, Portugal
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16.-17. Apr. 2018
Organizer:ICATMA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Controller Assistance
Deposited By: Ohneiser, Oliver
Deposited On:26 Nov 2018 15:05
Last Modified:26 Nov 2018 15:05

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