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Thermochemical energy storage chemistries and reactor concepts for integration in solar thermal power plants

Agrafiotis, Christos and Tescari, Stefania and Roeb, Martin and Sattler, Christian (2018) Thermochemical energy storage chemistries and reactor concepts for integration in solar thermal power plants. 12th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES), 13.-15. Mär. 2018, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

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Abstract

The ability and flexibility in controlling the power output of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants via thermal energy storage (TES) is considered their major competitive edge vs. alternative solar energy exploitation technologies like photovoltaics. Among the three types of implementing TES based on the nature of heat to be stored, sensible, latent and thermochemical heat i.e. heat produced through the use of reversible endothermic chemical reactions, the third, TCS, exhibits advantages like higher storage energy densities, indefinitely long storage duration, suitability for large scale implementation and hybridization with sensible energy storage. The presentation will summarize our current activities on such TCS approaches implemented through gas-solid, reversible, non-catalytic, decomposition reactions with significant heat effects, namely those of metal oxides, hydroxides and carbonates with emphasis on the first case. These reaction schemes share commonalities and requirements, like e.g. use of abundant and inexpensive raw materials, handling of the gaseous reaction products, efficient incorporation of the exothermic reaction within the normal operation of a CSP plant, as well as solid materials structural stability issues due to the repeated, long-term, cyclic reactions inducing thermochemical stresses. Furthermore, they involve not only gas-solid chemical reactions but heat exchange at high temperatures; therefore a major technical challenge lies in the proper design and operation of gas-solid thermochemical reactors operating simultaneously and efficiently as heat exchangers. Such reactors/heat exchangers can employ the solid material as either moving “loose” particle/granule streams or as moving as well as non-moving porous structures, either directly exposed to solar irradiation or confined within containers decoupled from the solar receiver and being heated by the heat transfer fluid from it. In this perspective, approaches to tackle these issues by both structured reactors/heat exchangers employing porous ceramics as well as of non-structured, rotary kiln-type will be presented and discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/123205/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Thermochemical energy storage chemistries and reactor concepts for integration in solar thermal power plants
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Agrafiotis, ChristosChristos.Agrafiotis (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Tescari, StefaniaStefania.Tescari (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Roeb, MartinMartin.Roeb (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sattler, ChristianChristian.Sattler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4314-1124
Date:13 March 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Thermochemical energy storage, concentrating solar Technologies, reactor concepts
Event Title:12th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES)
Event Location:Düsseldorf, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-15. Mär. 2018
Organizer:EUROSOLAR
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Solar Fuels
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SW - Solar and Wind Energy
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solar Fuels
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solar Chemical Engineering
Deposited By: Sattler, Prof. Dr. Christian
Deposited On:19 Nov 2018 13:16
Last Modified:19 Nov 2018 13:16

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