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Durability of PEMFC Electrodes and Reduction of Pt Loading

Gazdzicki, Pawel and Mitzel, Jens and Garcia Sanchez, Daniel and Dreizler, Andreas and Schulze, Mathias and Friedrich, Andreas (2018) Durability of PEMFC Electrodes and Reduction of Pt Loading. 233rd ECS Meeting, 13.-17. Mai 2018, Seattle, USA.

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Abstract

A particular challenge related to low temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEMFC) is to maintain high performance and long-term durability concurrently with the further reduction of Pt loading. These are conflicting goals because of a direct correlation of Pt surface with activity and Pt amount with durability. Moreover the lack of common procedures to reliably determine voltage loss rates leads to severe difficulties in the comparison of results obtained by different institutions or projects. Accordingly, special attention is devoted to the discrimination between irreversible and reversible voltage losses. Regarding the influence of Pt loading on PEMFC performance and durability our recent rainbow stack study performed in dynamic operation shows that for Pt/C based cathodes a sudden drop of performance is observed for loadings <=0.2 mgPtcm-2 and current densities >1 Acm-2. A similar threshold value is found for the increase of irreversible voltage losses which lead to a reduction of PEMFC durability for cathodes with <=0.2-0.3 mgPt/cm2. Another durability issue at cathodic loadings <0.4 mgPt/cm2 is the acceleration of reversible degradation leading to a significant voltage drop at continuous fuel cell operation. The results show that the Pt loading of Pt/C based electrodes cannot be reduced below 0.2-0.3 mgPtcm-2 by just varying the thickness of the catalyst layers without suffering durability issue. To go below 0.2 mgPtcm-2 new electrode designs are needed. A special combination of coating techniques is also considered as promising approach to solve this issue. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative under Grant No. 303452 (Impact).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122585/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Durability of PEMFC Electrodes and Reduction of Pt Loading
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gazdzicki, Pawelpawel.gazdzicki (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5728-7861
Mitzel, JensJens.Mitzel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8137-9689
Garcia Sanchez, Danieldaniel.garciasanchez (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dreizler, AndreasAndreas.Dreizler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schulze, Mathiasmathias.schulze (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Friedrich, Andreasandreas.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:13 May 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells Degradation Low loading
Event Title:233rd ECS Meeting
Event Location:Seattle, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-17. Mai 2018
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel cells
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (Fuel Cells)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Mitzel, Dr. Jens
Deposited On:29 Oct 2018 14:53
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:20

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