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Combination of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Local Current Density Distribution for Fault Monitoring in PEMFC Stacks

Mitzel, Jens and Garcia Sanchez, Daniel and Schulze, Mathias and Häußler, Frank and Hunger, Jürgen (2018) Combination of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Local Current Density Distribution for Fault Monitoring in PEMFC Stacks. Electrochemistry 2018, 24.-26. Sep. 2018, Ulm, Germany.

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Abstract

The PEMFC stack performance is characterized by gradients that may occur in various parameters. These are e.g. reactant related parameters such as concentration, flow, and humidity or local temperatures. Additionally, material inhomogeneity, such as in component thicknesses and in flow-field deepness, can result in uneven flow distribution between the single cells and in local starvation, flooding, or dry-out phenomena. These occurrences may be due to increasing or lowering the parameter gradients within the individual cells. The presented work is aimed to analyse the nature of these phenomena in stacks operating under system relevant conditions. Through parameter studies the impact of the different operating conditions on the performance homogeneity were identified. This was realised for individual single cells within a 10-cell PEMFC stack from ZSW. The homogeneity across the active area at the cell level was determined using the patented printed circuit board technology (PCB) by the DLR enabling the measurement of the local current density distributions. At the stack level three PCBs were used to investigate effects caused by material inhomogeneity or by the cell positioning within the stack, e.g. by end cell effects. As an operando fault monitoring system electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used. Combined studies of local current density measurements and EIS for all single cells in the stack will be presented. Though these studies we will highlight the occurring links between the EIS response and the local effects within the cells. Technical support by O. Garrot, S. Graf, and A. Anderle is gratefully acknowledged. The presented work is realized in the COALA project (control algorithm and controller for increasing the efficiency of hybrid PEMFC systems in different applications) in the framework of the Polish-German Sustainability Research Call (STAIR II). The funding for this research was received from The National Center For Research and Development (NCBR, Poland) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF, Germany) with the Grant No.: STAIR/6/2016 and 01LX1601, respectively.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122581/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Combination of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Local Current Density Distribution for Fault Monitoring in PEMFC Stacks
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Mitzel, JensJens.Mitzel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8137-9689
Garcia Sanchez, Danieldaniel.garciasanchez (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schulze, MathiasMathias.Schulze (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Häußler, FrankZSWUNSPECIFIED
Hunger, JürgenZSWUNSPECIFIED
Date:24 September 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:COALA Local current density Impedance Polymer electrolyte Membrane fuel cell Diagnostic
Event Title:Electrochemistry 2018
Event Location:Ulm, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:24.-26. Sep. 2018
Organizer:Gesellschaft deutscher Chemiker
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel cells
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (Fuel Cells)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Mitzel, Dr. Jens
Deposited On:29 Oct 2018 14:56
Last Modified:29 Oct 2018 14:56

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