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Mode-coupling instability in 2D complex plasma crystals: The role of damping rate

Nosenko, Volodymyr and Meyer, John and Zhdanov, Sergey and Thomas, Hubertus M. and Carmona-Reyes, J. and Hyde, T. W. (2018) Mode-coupling instability in 2D complex plasma crystals: The role of damping rate. 16th International Conference on the Physics of Non-Ideal Plasmas, 2018-09-24 - 2018-09-28, Saint Malo, France. (Unpublished)

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Complex, or dusty plasma is a regular plasma where small particles of solid mater are dispersed. Dust particles collect electrons and ions from the plasma, become charged, and interact with each other via a screened Coulomb (Yukawa) potential. As a result, complex plasmas are often strongly coupled and can be in a liquid form or even crystallize. Since dust particles are relatively massive and individually observable, many processes in complex plasmas can be studied in real time at the level of individual particles. An interesting phenomenon which occurs in two-dimensional (2D) complex plasma crystals and lends itself to direct experimental observation and theoretical analysis is the mode-coupling instability (MCI). It occurs when the dispersion relations of the two dust-lattice wave modes, longitudinal in-plane (L) mode and transverse vertical (TV) mode intersect. In the vicinity of their intersection, a new hybrid mode appears which is unstable. If not suppressed by the neutral gas friction, it will grow exponentially with time and can result in the crystal melting. Therefore, the gas damping rate is very important for the development of MCI. In this contribution, we will present our recent experiments performed across a wide range of the neutral gas damping rates. In experiments with low damping rate, the coupling of the L and TV wave modes was observed even in the absence of their crossing; in fact, the modes were separated by a gap 4 Hz wide. The coupling manifested itself in the traces of the TV mode appearing in the measured longitudinal spectra, i.e., mixed polarization. This observation was facilitated, besides low damping, by relatively large particle charges and respective plasma wake charges in these experiments. In contrast, in experiments with high damping rate, MCI was observed when the deep crossing of the L and TV modes occurred, resulting in the high growth rate of the hybrid mode which was necessary to overcome strong gas damping.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122491/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Mode-coupling instability in 2D complex plasma crystals: The role of damping rate
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Thomas, Hubertus M.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8358-2023UNSPECIFIED
Carmona-Reyes, J.Baylor University, Waco, Texas, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hyde, T. W.Baylor University, Waco, Texas, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:27 September 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:complex plasma, mode-coupling instability
Event Title:16th International Conference on the Physics of Non-Ideal Plasmas
Event Location:Saint Malo, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:24 September 2018
Event End Date:28 September 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Komplexe Plasmen / Laboratory research (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Research Group Complex Plasma
Deposited By: Nosenko, Volodymyr
Deposited On:29 Oct 2018 08:41
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:26

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