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Massively Extended Modular Monitoring and a Second Life for Upper Stages

Meß, Jan-Gerd and Sonza Reorda, Matteo and Violante, Massimo and Dannemann, Frank and Hanson, Berenike and Söderholm, Stefan and Karlsson, Niklas and Kuremyr, Tobias and Albert, Yann and Spiecker, Joachim (2018) Massively Extended Modular Monitoring and a Second Life for Upper Stages. In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC. International Astronautical Congress 2018, 01.-05.10.2018, Bremen, Deutschland.

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Abstract

Launching science and technology experiments to space is expensive. Although commercial spaceflight has resulted in a drop of prices, the cost for a launch is still significant. However, most of the weight that is needed to conduct experiments in space belongs to the spacecraft’s bus and it is responsible for power distribution, thermal management, orbital control and communications. An upper stage, on the other hand, includes all the necessary subsystems and has to be launched in any case. Many upper stages (e.g. ARIANE5) will even stay in orbit for several years after their nominal mission with all their subsystems intact but passivated. We propose a compact system based on a protective container and high-performance Commercial-off-the-Shelf (COTS) hardware that allows cost-efficient launching of technology experiments by reusing the launcher’s upper stage and its subsystems. Adding acquisition channels for various sensors gives the launch provider the ability to exploit the computational power of the COTS hardware during the nominal mission. In contrast to existing systems, intelligent and mission-dependent data selection and compression can be applied to the sensor data. In this paper, we demonstrate the implementation and qualification of a payload bus system based on COTS components that is minimally invasive to the launcher (ARIANE5) and its nominal mission while offering computational power to both the launch provider and a potential payload user. The reliability of the COTS-based system is improved by radiation hardening techniques and software-based self-test detecting and counteracting faults during the mission.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122444/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Massively Extended Modular Monitoring and a Second Life for Upper Stages
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Meß, Jan-GerdJan-Gerd.Mess (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2117-3483
Sonza Reorda, Matteomatteo.sonzareorda (at) polito.itUNSPECIFIED
Violante, Massimomassimo.violante (at) polito.itUNSPECIFIED
Dannemann, FrankFrank.Dannemann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0636-5866
Hanson, Berenikeberenike.hanson (at) aacmicrotec.comUNSPECIFIED
Söderholm, Stefanstefan.soderholm (at) aacmicrotec.comUNSPECIFIED
Karlsson, Niklasniklas.karlsson (at) aacmicrotec.comUNSPECIFIED
Kuremyr, Tobiastobias.kuremyr (at) aacmicrotec.comUNSPECIFIED
Albert, Yannyann.albert (at) ariane.groupUNSPECIFIED
Spiecker, Joachimjoachim.spiecker (at) ariane.groupUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Monitoring, ARIANE5, COTS, Protective Container, Data Compression, Software-based Self-Test
Event Title:International Astronautical Congress 2018
Event Location:Bremen, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:01.-05.10.2018
Organizer:International Astronautical Federation (IAF)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemtechnologien
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Avionics Systems
Deposited By: Meß, Jan-Gerd
Deposited On:24 Oct 2018 09:55
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:20

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