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Designing a Closed Ecological Life Support System for Plants, Overview

Zabel, Paul (2018) Designing a Closed Ecological Life Support System for Plants, Overview. In: Handbook of Life Support Systems for Spacecraft and Extraterrestrial Habitats Springer Verlag.

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Abstract

Humanitys plans to further explore space require the development of bio-regenerative life support systems (BLSS) fully incorporated into space stations, transit-vehicles, and eventually in habitats on the Moon and Mars. These concepts aim to decrease the (re-)supply mass by (re-)generating essential resources for humans through biological processes. Within a BLSS, the cultivation of higher plants takes a crucial role as they can contribute to all major functional aspects (e.g., food production, carbon dioxide reduction, oxygen production, water recycling, and waste management). Furthermore, fresh crops are not only beneficial for human physiological health but also have a positive impact on crew psychological well-being. Adding up these features, higher plants represent a unique asset that makes the investigation of their cultivation in closed systems an essential endeavor. However, plant cultivation in closed environments is challenging and requires several specialized subsystems. This chapter gives an overview on what a closed ecological life support system for plants or space greenhouse is, how it functions, and what kind of subsystems are required.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122271/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Designing a Closed Ecological Life Support System for Plants, Overview
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Zabel, PaulPaul.Zabel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7907-9230
Date:2 May 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Handbook of Life Support Systems for Spacecraft and Extraterrestrial Habitats
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:Springer Verlag
Status:Published
Keywords:Bio-regenerative life Support, Plant, Greenhouse, Greenhouse design
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systemanalyse Raumsegmente
Deposited By: Zabel, Paul
Deposited On:16 Oct 2018 18:59
Last Modified:16 Oct 2018 18:59

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