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Philae Landing on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko - Planned Chirality Measurement and Ideas for the Future

Ulamec, Stephan and Goesmann, Fred and Meierhenrich, Uwe J. (2018) Philae Landing on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko - Planned Chirality Measurement and Ideas for the Future. Journal of Interdisciplinary Methodologies and Issues in Science (4). DOI: 10.18713/JIMIS-230718-4-2 ISSN 2430-3038

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Official URL: https://jimis.episciences.org

Abstract

Philae is a comet Lander, part of the ESA Rosetta Mission to comet 67P/ChuryumovGerasimenko. After a ten year cruise through the solar system it successfully landed on the nucleus of the comet on November 12, 2014. Philae's payload consists of ten scientific instruments, including COSAC, an evolved gas analyser with the capability to differentiate chiral molecules. After the touchdown of Philae, the anchoring harpoons, which were expected to fix the lander to ground, did not work, Philae bounced in the low gravity environment, and only came to rest after a 2 hours “hop” in an unforeseen area on the comet surface. Although, the scientific instruments, including cameras, mass spectrometers (including the one of COSAC), a magnetometer and a radar instrument could be operated, and fascinating, unprecedented scientific results were obtained, it was not possible to collect a sample of the surface material and no gas chromatography measurement could be performed. Thus, the measurement of the chirality of molecules on comets is still to be done in the future. The paper gives an overview of the Philae mission and the attempts to measure chiral molecules with COSAC, and suggests future measurements with returned samples from the primitive asteroids (162173) Ryugu and (101955) Bennu with the spacecraft Hayabusa 2 (JAXA) and OSIRIS-REx (NASA), respectively. Both will reach their targets in 2018.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122213/
Document Type:Article
Title:Philae Landing on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko - Planned Chirality Measurement and Ideas for the Future
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ulamec, StephanStephan.Ulamec (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Goesmann, FredMax-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Göttingen GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Meierhenrich, Uwe J.University of Nice, Nice, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Date:23 July 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Interdisciplinary Methodologies and Issues in Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.18713/JIMIS-230718-4-2
ISSN:2430-3038
Status:Published
Keywords:Comets; Rosetta; Philae; COSAC; Chirality
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ROSETTA Lander
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:24 Oct 2018 16:10
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:30

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