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Aerodynamic Studies in Preparation for CALLISTO - Reusable VTVL Launcher First Stage Demonstrator

Klevanski, Josef and Ecker, Tobias and Riehmer, Johannes and Reimann, Bodo and Dumont, Etienne and Chavagnac, Christophe (2018) Aerodynamic Studies in Preparation for CALLISTO - Reusable VTVL Launcher First Stage Demonstrator. 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 1-5 October 2018, Bremen, Germany.

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Abstract

Reusability applied to launchers is expected to reduce costs of access to space and increase of the operational flexibility. With the goal to improve knowledge in this field, DLR, CNES and JAXA are jointly developing a vertical take-off and landing (VTVL) reusable and scaled launcher first stage demonstrator. With this vehicle, called CALLISTO (Cooperative Action Leading to Launcher Innovation in Stage Toss-back Operations), DLR, CNES and JAXA want to acquire and demonstrate the capability to recover and reuse a vehicle under conditions representative for an operational launcher first stage. Furthermore, during CALLISTO flights, data will be gathered to improve knowledge on the operation of reusable vehicle and therefore help optimizing reusability capabilities of future launch systems. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of the CALLISTO project during the system requirement review (SRR) and in preparation of the Preliminary Design Review (PDR), extensive aerodynamic analyses have been performed. The entire CALLISTO reference mission is complex and includes many flight phases: ascent, tilt-over manoeuvre, descent and landing. During the flight, the vehicle aerodynamic configuration, the mass, the centre of gravity position and the inertia characteristics change significantly. The flight envelope is characterised by a large range of Mach numbers and dynamic pressures, the angle of attack changes from 0° during ascent to 180° during descent and landing. One of the most important flight phases is the controlled descent through the dense layers of the atmosphere with aerodynamic control surfaces. Therefore aerodynamic design of the vehicle and especially guarantying stability and controllability are of key importance. The use of classic engineering aero-prediction methods cannot provide the necessary precision and reliability for the estimation of the aerodynamic coefficients even in very early design phase. Therefore CFD methods have to be used even in very early design processes. For instance, the simulation of the retro-propulsion plume is of particular importance, as it has a major impact on base pressure distribution and aerothermal loads. The paper summarises the main findings of the aerodynamic analysis and show the progress made up to now for CALLISTO project.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122062/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:IAC-18- D2.6.3
Title:Aerodynamic Studies in Preparation for CALLISTO - Reusable VTVL Launcher First Stage Demonstrator
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Klevanski, JosefJosef.Klevanski (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ecker, TobiasTobias.Ecker (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7134-1185
Riehmer, JohannesJohannes.Riehmer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reimann, Bodobodo.reimann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Chavagnac, ChristopheCNESUNSPECIFIED
Date:4 October 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:CALLISTO, aerodynamic, reusability, toss-back, vertical landing, VTVL, CFD, re-entry
Event Title:69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Bremen, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:1-5 October 2018
Organizer:IAF
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Systemanalyse Raumtransport
Location: Braunschweig , Bremen , Göttingen , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Supersonoc and Hypersonic Technology
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, GO
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, BS
Institute of Space Systems > Space Launcher Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Dumont, Etienne
Deposited On:09 Oct 2018 12:29
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:20

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