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Particle charge in PK-4 dc discharge from ground and microgravity experiments

Antonova, Tetyana and Khrapak, Sergey and Pustylnik, Mikhail and Rubin-Zuzic, Milenko and Thomas, Hubertus M. and Lipaev, Andrey and Usachev, Alexandr and Molotkov, Vladimir and Thoma, Markus (2018) Particle charge in PK-4 dc discharge from ground and microgravity experiments. PNP 2018, 24-28 September 2018, Saint-Malo, France. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Particle charge in PK-4 dc discharge from ground and microgravity experiments T. Antonova1, S.A. Khrapak1, M. Pustylnik1, M. Rubin-Zuzic1, H.M. Thomas1, A.M. Lipaev2, A.D. Usachev2, V.I. Molotkov2, M.H. Thoma3 1Institut fur Materialphysik im Weltraum, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Weßling, GERMANY 2Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, RUSSIA 3I. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig Universität, Gießen, GERMANY The complex plasma facility Plasmakristall-4 (PK-4) was installed in the Columbus module of the International Space Station (ISS) in November 2014. This is an experimental laboratory developed to provide a range of various experiments in the direct current (dc) or/and radiofrequency (rf) low temperature gas discharge. It allows to use different manipulation technics (e.g. laser manipulation, thermal and electrical disturbances, etc) [1]. Because of the gravity force the positions of microparticles in discharge on ground differ from those under microgravity conditions. The comparison of both cases gives the possibility to resolve discharge parameters as well as main microparticle characteristics in radial direction of the discharge tube. The aim of the current work is to estimate the radial distribution of the particle charge within the discharge tube from the measurements of the particle drift velocity in PK-4 set-up. The experiments have been performed in the Flight Model (FM) onboard ISS as well as in Science Reference Model 1 (SRM 1) of PK-4 in ground based laboratory, which is functionally identical to the FM. The pressure ranged from 20 to 100 Pa in argon and neon gases with the variation of the discharge current from 0.5 to 1.5 mA. The particles of three different diameters of 1.3, 2.5 and 3.4 μm have been injected into the chamber. They were illuminated by the laser beam and their motion was filmed by video cameras with 35 fr/sec and 14,2 μm/pixel resolution. The velocities have been estimated by measuring the velocity of the whole particle cloud as well as from the intensity slope on the so-called space-time diagram. The experimental data from ISS show that under microgravity conditions the velocities of microparticles are always lower than those measured on ground, as it already has been observed in parabolic flight experiments [2]. The difference is more pronounced in the lower pressure range (20-30 Pa). Drift velocities from experimental data have been compared with the results of analytical model, which yielded the estimation of the particle charge for chosen experimental conditions on ground and under microgravity. In the developed model variations of the discharge parameters in radial direction of the discharge tube have been taken into account. The experimentally measured and theoretically estimated particle velocities as well charges show different pressure behavior in argon and neon gases. All authors greatly acknowledge the joint ESA-Roscosmos “Experiment Plasmakristall-4” onboard the International Space Station. This work was also partially supported by DLR Grants Nos. 50WM1441 and 50WM1442. REFERENCES [1] M. Y. Pustylnik, M. A. Fink, V. Nosenko et all, "Plasmakristall-4: New complex (dusty) plasma laboratory on board the International Space Station", Review of scientific instruments 87, 093505 (2016) [2] S. A. Khrapak, M. H. Thoma, M. Chaudhuri, et all, "Particle flows in a dc discharge in laboratory and microgravity conditions", Physical Review E 87, 063109 (2013)

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122054/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Particle charge in PK-4 dc discharge from ground and microgravity experiments
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Antonova, TetyanaTetyana.Antonova (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Khrapak, SergeyDLR, Sergey.Khrapak (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pustylnik, MikhailDLR Research Group Complex Plasma, OberpfaffenhofenUNSPECIFIED
Rubin-Zuzic, Milenkomilenko.rubin-zuzic (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Thomas, Hubertus M.Hubertus.Thomas (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8358-2023
Lipaev, AndreyJoint Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, MoscowUNSPECIFIED
Usachev, AlexandrJoint Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, MoscowUNSPECIFIED
Molotkov, VladimirJoint Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, MoscowUNSPECIFIED
Thoma, MarkusJustus-Liebig Universität GiessenUNSPECIFIED
Date:27 September 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:dc discharge, complex plasma, microparticle
Event Title:PNP 2018
Event Location:Saint-Malo, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:24-28 September 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Komplexe Plasmen / Zero gravity
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Research Group Complex Plasma
Deposited By: Antonova, Tetyana
Deposited On:09 Oct 2018 07:36
Last Modified:28 Mar 2019 08:48

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