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Use of the correlation matrix approach to define the life detection techniques in a sample curation facility

Brucato, J. R. and Meneghin, A. and Russell, S. and Smith, C. and Rettberg, Petra and Bennet, A. and Pottage, T. and Hutzler, A. and the EURO-CARES Team (2018) Use of the correlation matrix approach to define the life detection techniques in a sample curation facility. European Planetary Science Congress 2018 (EPSC), 16–21 September 2018, Berlin, Germany.

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Abstract

EURO-CARES (European Curation of Astromaterials Returned from Exploration of Space) was a three year (2015-2017), multinational project, funded under the European Commission's Horizon 2020 research programme to develop a roadmap for a European Extra-terrestrial Sample Curation Facility (ESCF). If the samples are brought back to Earth from bodies where there is the possibility of presence of extant or extinct life, there are a wide number of proposed approaches on the techniques to use in order to investigate the presence of biosignatures: [3], [4], [5], etc. All the studies lead to a proposed list of techniques suitable for life detection along with details about the field of application, their efficiency and limits. What is missing is a critical approach able to make a comparison between the techniques in terms of effectiveness, to find a prioritizing ranking. In this paper a quality engineering tool approach, the correlation matrix, was used to support the choice of the techniques for life detection, [1], [2]. The challenge was to analyze and evaluate every technique. To do it, a wide panel of expert was involved. Experts in the following scientific and technological field composed the team: process engineering, mechanical engineering, biology, astrobiology, chemistry. The paper shows how, using a logical flow of analysis, it was possible to identify the critical issues and to highlight the priorities.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121900/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Use of the correlation matrix approach to define the life detection techniques in a sample curation facility
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Brucato, J. R.INAF - Astrophysical Observatory of Arcetri, Firenze, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Meneghin, A.INAF - Astrophysical Observatory of Arcetri, Firenze, Italy (meneghin (at) arcteri.astro.it)UNSPECIFIED
Russell, S.Natural History Museum, London, UKUNSPECIFIED
Smith, C.Natural History Museum, London, UKUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Bennet, A.Public Health England, Salisbury, UKUNSPECIFIED
Pottage, T.Public Health England, Salisbury, UKUNSPECIFIED
Hutzler, A. and the EURO-CARES TeamNaturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:EURO-CARES (European Curation of Astromaterials Returned from Exploration of Space)
Event Title:European Planetary Science Congress 2018 (EPSC)
Event Location:Berlin, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16–21 September 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:28 Sep 2018 14:31
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:19

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