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EURO-CARES: GETTING EUROPE READY FOR SAMPLE RETURN MISSIONS - AN EMPHASIS ON RESTRICTED MISSIONS.

Hutzler, A. and Ferrière, L. and Bennett, A. and Russell, S. and Smith, C. and the EURO-CARES Consortium: and Aléon, J. and Berthoud, L. and Bridges, J. and Brucato, J. R. and Debaille, V. and Dryer, B. and Folco, L. and Franchi, I. and Gounelle, M. and Grady, M. and Guest, M. and Holt, J. and Leuko, S. and Longobardo, A. and Marrocchi, Y. and Matussi, S. and Meneghin, A. and Palomba, E. and Pottage, T. and Rettberg, Petra and Rotundi, A. and Vrublevskis, J. and Westall, F. and Zipfel, J. (2018) EURO-CARES: GETTING EUROPE READY FOR SAMPLE RETURN MISSIONS - AN EMPHASIS ON RESTRICTED MISSIONS. In: COSPAR 2018 Abstract-Book - Scientifc Assembly Abstracts. 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 14 - 22 July 2018, Pasadena, CA, United States.

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Abstract

EURO-CARES (European Curation of Astromaterials Returned from Exploration of Space) was a three year (2015-2017) multinational project funded under the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 research programme. The objective of EURO-CARES was to create a roadmap for the implementation of a European Extra-terrestrial Sample Curation Facility (ESCF) suitable for the curation of samples from all possible return missions, to the Moon, asteroids, Mars, and other bodies of the Solar System. Here we summarize the main recommendations from the final project report for design and infrastructure requirements to allow the curation of samples from restricted bodies such as Mars. Over the course of the project, the team has visited various facilities and companies, to gather best practices, bring innovative ideas, and build a strong network with the international sample curation community. Visits were made to the astromaterials curation facilities of NASA and JAXA, and to related facilities from the nuclear, cleanroom and BSL-4 sectors. Two successful collaborations with architects (Space architecture department of the Technical University of Vienna (Austria), then Merrick and Co. in Kanata (Canada) [1]) resulted in the development of more refined requirements and tentative designs for a Mars Sample Return (MSR) facility. All possible activities that would take place in a MSR facility were first identified. All activities related to receiving, assessing, and opening the Earth Return Capsule are performed in a Sample Receiving Facility. Further activities, such as curation, Sample Early Characterization, andstorage would be performed in a Sample Curation Facility (SCF). The SCF would also include a suite of instruments necessary for analyses defined in a Biohazard Assessment Protocol and for Life Detection. In addition, an Analogue and Mock-Up Facility (to be constructed first) would be used to assemble an analogue material collection, to test instruments and building materials/techniques, and to train staff members. A MSR facility needs to integrate both cleanliness and containment principles, to keep the samples pristine, and to fulfill the Planetary Protection requirement of having a probability of release P<10−6 for an unsterilized particle larger than 0.1 µm [2]. Primary enclosures for restricted samples were considered: depending on the activities, it was recommended that cabinets similar to the ones used in BSL-4 laboratories, or Double-Wall Isolators should be used [3]. Laminar flow cleanrooms were recommended for limiting cross-contamination while allowing flexibility in the future. Because of the European nature of the project, the facility should be located in Europe. Other parameters, such as limited natural hazards, countries with histories of BSL-4 laboratories and space exploration expertise, would also need to be taken into consideration. Owing to so many uncertainties and decisions to be taken (such as the possible widespread use of robotics), it is impossible to evaluate a precise financial cost for such a facility, however, we estimate that a fully fitted MSR facility would cost at least 200 M€. Location, use of robots, cleanroom regime, instrumentation capacities, etc. are amongst the parameters that can drive the costs for the initial construction, and during the life of the facility. It is estimated that a minimum of 7 to 10 years would be necessary to define the requirements, design, build, and commission the facility, while training the necessary staff. It is highly probable that such a facility will have various funding partners (space agencies, institutions, countries, etc.); a complex financial arrangement takes time to come to completion. A MSR facility is a complex project, not only for the engineering aspects but also for financial and political reasons. In view of the timeline of sample return missions from Mars, it is imperative to move forward with this project as soon as possible. The design we developed encompasses the principles of Flexibility, Modularity, and Adaptability. References: [1] Hutzler A. et al. (2017) 47th ICES, 323. [2] Ammann W., et al. (2012. ESF-ESSC Study Group on Mars Sample Return Requirements, ISBN: 978-2-918428-67-1. [3] Vrublevskis J. B. et al. (2016) EURO-CARES WP3 Meeting, p. 27. Acknowledgements: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement no 640190.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121893/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:EURO-CARES: GETTING EUROPE READY FOR SAMPLE RETURN MISSIONS - AN EMPHASIS ON RESTRICTED MISSIONS.
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hutzler, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ferrière, L.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bennett, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Russell, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, C. and the EURO-CARES Consortium:UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Aléon, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Berthoud, L.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bridges, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brucato, J. R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Debaille, V.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dryer, B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Folco, L.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Franchi, I.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gounelle, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grady, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guest, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Holt, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leuko, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Longobardo, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Marrocchi, Y.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Matussi, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Meneghin, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Palomba, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pottage, T.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Rotundi, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vrublevskis, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zipfel, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2018
Journal or Publication Title:COSPAR 2018 Abstract-Book - Scientifc Assembly Abstracts
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:EURO-CARES (European Curation of Astromaterials Returned from Exploration of Space)
Event Title:42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly
Event Location:Pasadena, CA, United States
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:14 - 22 July 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:27 Nov 2018 09:02
Last Modified:20 Jun 2021 15:51

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