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VAMOS: a SmallSat mission concept for remote sensing of Venusian seismic activity from orbit

Sutin, Brian M. and Cutts, James A. and Didion, Alan M. and Drilleau, Mélanie and Grawe, Matthew and Helbert, Jörn and Karp, Ashley C. and Kenda, Balthasar and Komjathy, Attila and Krishnamoorthy, Siddharth and Lantoine, Gregory and Lognonné, Philippe and Makela, Jonathan and Nakazono, Barry and Rud, Mayer and Wallace, Mark S. (2018) VAMOS: a SmallSat mission concept for remote sensing of Venusian seismic activity from orbit. In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 10698, p. 207. SPIE. SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, 2.-6. Juli 2018, Austin, Texas, USA. DOI: 10.1117/12.2309439

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2309439

Abstract

The Venusian atmosphere creates inhospitable temperature and pressure conditions for the surface of Venus, Earth's twin planet, making in-situ measurements of any appreciable length difficult, expensive, and risky to obtain. Yet, because of the apparent youthfulness of Venus' surface features, long-duration seismic observations are in high demand in order to determine and understand the dynamic processes taking place in lieu of plate tectonics. The Venus Airglow Measurements and Orbiter for Seismicity (VAMOS) mission concept would make use of the dense Venusian atmosphere as a medium to conduct seismic vibrations from the surface to the ionosphere. Here, the resulting atmospheric gravity waves and acoustic waves can be observed in the form of perturbations in airglow emissions, the basic principles for which have been demonstrated at Earth following a tsunami and at Venus with the European Venus Express's Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS) instrument. In addition, these observations would enable VAMOS to determine the crustal structure and ionospheric variability of Venus without approaching the surface or atmosphere themselves. Equipped with an instrument of modest size and mass, the baseline VAMOS spacecraft is designed to fit within a SmallSat form factor and travel to Venus predominantly under its own power. VAMOS would enter into an orbit uniquely suited for the long-duration, full-disk staring observations required for seismic readings. VAMOS' journey would be enabled by modern solar electric propulsion technology and SmallSat avionics, which allow the spacecraft to reach Venus and autonomously filter observation data on board to detect Venus-quake events. Currently, trade studies are being conducted to determine mission architecture robustness to launch and rideshare opportunities. Key spacecraft challenges for VAMOS, just as with many SmallSat-based mission concepts, include thermal and power management, onboard processing capabilities, telecommunications throughput, and propulsion technology. The VAMOS mission concept is being studied at JPL as part of the NASA Planetary Science Deep Space SmallSat Studies (PSDS3) program, which will not only produce a viable and exciting mission concept for a Venus SmallSat, but will have the opportunity to examine many issues facing the development of SmallSats for planetary exploration. These include SmallSat solar electric propulsion, autonomy, telecommunications, and resource management that can be applied to various inner solar system mission architectures.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121584/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:VAMOS: a SmallSat mission concept for remote sensing of Venusian seismic activity from orbit
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Sutin, Brian M.JPLUNSPECIFIED
Cutts, James A.JPLUNSPECIFIED
Didion, Alan M.JPLUNSPECIFIED
Drilleau, MélanieIPGP, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Grawe, MatthewUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL, USAUNSPECIFIED
Helbert, JörnJoern.Helbert (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5346-9505
Karp, Ashley C.JPLUNSPECIFIED
Kenda, BalthasarIPGP, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Komjathy, AttilaJPLUNSPECIFIED
Krishnamoorthy, SiddharthJPLUNSPECIFIED
Lantoine, GregoryJPLUNSPECIFIED
Lognonné, PhilippeEquipe Etudes Spatiales et Planétologie, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Makela, JonathanUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL, USAUNSPECIFIED
Nakazono, BarryJPLUNSPECIFIED
Rud, MayerJPLUNSPECIFIED
Wallace, Mark S.JPLUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:10698
DOI :10.1117/12.2309439
Page Range:p. 207
Publisher:SPIE
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Status:Published
Keywords:Earthquakes Electric propulsion Infrared imaging Interplanetary spacecraft Ionosphere Orbits Remote sensing Spacecraft propulsion Tectonics
Event Title:SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation
Event Location:Austin, Texas, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2.-6. Juli 2018
Organizer:SPIE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):Venus Emissivity Mapper
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Deposited By: Helbert, Dr.rer.nat. Jörn
Deposited On:10 Sep 2018 15:11
Last Modified:07 Mar 2019 15:15

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