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Experimental Validation of GNSS Repeater Detection Based on Antenna Arrays for Maritime Applications

Appel, Manuel and Iliopoulos, Andreas and Fohlmeister, Friederike and Perez Marcos, Emilio and Cuntz, Manuel and Konovaltsev, Andriy and Meurer, Michael and Antreich, Felix (2018) Experimental Validation of GNSS Repeater Detection Based on Antenna Arrays for Maritime Applications. CEAS Space Journal. Springer. ISSN 1868-2502

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Abstract

In this work, we present an antenna array based algorithm to detect GNSS repeater and/or spoof- ing attacks with an experimental validation. With an ar- ray receiver capable of measuring the impinging rang- ing signals direction of arrival in terms of azimuth and elevation, it is possible to estimate the antenna plat- forms attitude. The fact that this information is com- puted (w.r.t. a reference frame) during the position cal- culation is used. We propose an algorithm aiming to find relation between both representations. This map- ping defines the receiver’s attitude in terms of pitch, roll and yaw angel. The residual of this mapping is used to construct a quality metric for the mapping. If a threshold is undershot, spoofing/repeating is indicated. The performance is demonstrated using software sim- ulations. To show the capabilities under realistic con- ditions, a test platform is described. It consists of a real time array receiver (GALANT) and a sampling de- vice enabling post processing. A maritime measure- ment campaign including two vessels - one acting as receiver and the other acting as transmitter - is por- trayed. Finally, the real time and post processing per- formance of the algorithm is evaluated.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121537/
Document Type:Article
Title:Experimental Validation of GNSS Repeater Detection Based on Antenna Arrays for Maritime Applications
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Appel, Manuelmanuel.appel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Iliopoulos, AndreasAndreas.Iliopoulos (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Fohlmeister, FriederikeFriederike.Fohlmeister (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2568-7473
Perez Marcos, EmilioEmilio.PerezMarcos (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Cuntz, Manuelmanuel.cuntz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Konovaltsev, AndriyAndriy.Konovaltsev (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Meurer, MichaelMichael.Meurer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Antreich, FelixUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:December 2018
Journal or Publication Title:CEAS Space Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1868-2502
Status:Published
Keywords:Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Maritime Navigation, Repeater Detection, Spoofer Detection, Attitude Estimation, Antenna, Array Signal Processing
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Navigation 4.0
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Appel, Manuel
Deposited On:13 Sep 2018 10:10
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:19

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