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Aircraft Noise Immission Modeling

Isermann, Ullrich and Bertsch, Lothar (2019) Aircraft Noise Immission Modeling. CEAS Aeronautical Journal, 10 (1), pp. 287-311. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s13272-019-00374-5. ISSN 1869-5582.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13272-019-00374-5


This contribution to the CEAS special edition Aircraft Noise Generation and Assessment focuses on the simulation of the aircraft noise immission, i.e., the aircraft noise received on the ground. This process includes two steps, the description of the sound emission by the aircraft and the modeling of the sound propagation through the atmosphere. An overview is provided on how aircraft noise immission can be described and assessed by noise descriptors. These quantities can be derived from measurable and computable quantities like maximum sound levels, time-integrated sound levels and number of aircraft movements. Moreover, a generation of novel noise indices which relate human reactions to noise is presented. Fundamentals of aircraft noise modeling are explained. Firstly, this includes a classification of aircraft noise models into best practice and scientific models and their applicability to the noise mitigation measures described by ICAO's Balanced Approach to Aircraft Noise Management. Furthermore, the overall workflow of a noise modeling task is explained as well the special role of noise model databases and the simulation of aircraft flightpaths. The most common methods to describe the sound propagation process through the atmosphere are introduced. This covers the modeling of the fundamental propagation effects which are used by all noise model types as well as a description of propagation effects which are of importance only for special modeling tasks and which normally require sophisticated physical approaches. The fundamental difference between best practice and scientific aircraft noise models - i.e., the source modeling - is described in detail thereafter. Best practice models are based on a simple source description. Moreover, a common approach is to combine emission and propagation using pre-calculated noise-power-distance tables. In contrast, scientific models are of multi-source type, i.e., they differentiate between particular noise generating mechanisms - at least between engine noise and aerodynamic noise. This model type always requires a time-step based flightpath description, whereas best practice models usually are based on a flightpath description by longer segments. Finally, selected application examples are presented for both model categories. This covers the range from noise zoning over what-if studies for noise mitigation measures or definition of noise abatement flight procedures up to the modeling of noise reduction measures at the source. Finally, the application of scientific models in the aircraft design phase is explained.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121461/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Online: 1869-5590
Title:Aircraft Noise Immission Modeling
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Bertsch, LotharUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2780-2858UNSPECIFIED
Date:16 March 2019
Journal or Publication Title:CEAS Aeronautical Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 287-311
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Series Name:Special Issue: Aircraft Noise Generation and Assessment, Eds: L. Bertsch, M. Snellen, L. Enghardt, C. Hillenherms
Keywords:Simulation of Aircraft Noise Immission, Description of Sound Emission, Modeling of Sound Propagation, Noise Descriptors, Special Issue
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Simulation and Validation (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Helicopter, GO
Deposited By: Winkels, Elisabeth
Deposited On:05 Apr 2019 07:04
Last Modified:21 Nov 2023 07:04

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