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FIREBIRD - small satellite for wild fire assessment

Halle, Winfried and Asam, Sarah and Borg, Erik and Fischer, Christian and Frauenberger, Olaf and Lorenz, Eckehard and Klein, Doris and Nolde, Michael and Paproth, Carsten and Plank, Simon and Richter, Rudolf and Säuberlich, Thomas and Soszynska, Agnieszka and Strobl, Christian (2018) FIREBIRD - small satellite for wild fire assessment. 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 22.-27. Jul. 2018, Valencia, Spanien.

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Abstract

FireBIRD is a satellite constellation consisting of two small satellites, TET-1 and BIROS, specifically designed for high temperature events (HTE) and high temperature anomaly detection. This satellite mission of the German Aerospace Center (DLR), which is based on the heritage of the BIRD satellite, aims at the detection and characterizing wild fires using a thermal camera system with one band in the midwave (MWIR) and one band in the longwave-infrared (LWIR). In combination with a red band from the visible spectra, the bi-spectral method [1] is adapted for fire detection and analysis. Besides the clusters of active fires itself, additionally information about fire radiative power, temperature and fire area is derived and can be used for the assessment of active fires. With a pixel spacing of ~170m the spatial resolution is rather high compared to MODIS or Sentinel-3. Additionally, the high agility of the satellites allows image acquisitions on several consecutive days, useful to monitor the development of active fires. Thus, FireBIRD can be used for characterizing fires, hot spot mapping in case of catastrophic events as well as for environmental analysis and inter-comparisons with other sensors. The adapted algorithm provides stable and reliable results, ongoing improvements focuses on a better assessment of background temperatures and in addition, single pixel information are derived for validation assessment tasks.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121239/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:FIREBIRD - small satellite for wild fire assessment
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Halle, Winfriedwinfried.halle (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Asam, Sarahsarah.asam (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7302-6813
Borg, Erikerik.borg (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Fischer, Christianc.fischer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Frauenberger, OlafOlaf.Frauenberger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, EckehardEckehard.Lorenz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Klein, Dorisdoris.klein (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Nolde, MichaelMichael.Nolde (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Paproth, Carstencarsten.paproth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Plank, Simonsimon.plank (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Richter, Rudolfrudolf.richter (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Säuberlich, Thomasthomas.saeuberlich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Soszynska, Agnieszkaagnieszka.soszynska (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Strobl, ChristianChristian.Strobl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:27 July 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-4
Status:Published
Keywords:small satellites, TIR, hot spot detection, rapid mapping, wild fire assessment
Event Title:2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Event Location:Valencia, Spanien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.-27. Jul. 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Plank, Simon Manuel
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 13:55
Last Modified:01 Aug 2018 13:55

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