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The Safety Impact of Additional Blue Lights of Rescue Vehicles

Leich, Andreas and Saul, Hagen and Kozempel, Karsten and Luber, Andreas and Kippnich, Uwe and Damböck, Markus and Rauschenberger, Rainer and Biber, Florian and Stadler, Thomas and Hoffmann, Ragna (2018) The Safety Impact of Additional Blue Lights of Rescue Vehicles. Transactions on Transport Sciences. Palacký University Olomouc. ISSN 1802-9876

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Abstract

This work is a preliminary study on behalf of the Bavarian Red Cross (BRK). It examines if and to what effect an impact on traffic safety can be measured when BRK ambulance vehicles are equipped with additional blue lights on the front fender next to the front lights. The high crash risk particular during emergency drives has been reported in numerous studies. The BRK endeavors to decrease the crash frequency of their ambulance vehicles by improving their visibility especially at intersections and narrow gateways. Therefore, additional side flash lights have been proposed. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of these flash lights. In this context, emergency drives conducted with equipped and unequipped ambulance vehicles were compared. More precisely, the exit of a BRK station and the surrounding road segment was observed for 14 days by a video camera, which enables computer-vision aided analysis of the traffic. Within this time frame, 38 traffic situations of unequipped and 13 situations of equipped ambulance vehicles could be observed. The trajectories of interacting road users in these situations were analyzed. The use of Surrogate Safety measures appeared to be not practicable to obtain statistical significant results due to few interacting trajectories and no critical situations. Instead, indicators for the adaption of road users to ambulance cars leaving the station were used, like deceleration, position and time of braking and time of reaching walking speed. The indicators showed, that road users entered the observation area slower encountering equipped ambulance vehicles - probably due to prior braking - than was measured at emergency drives without additional flash lights. Furthermore, road users on average were breaking 3.5 m earlier, less intensely and reached walking speed 4 m earlier when ambulance vehicles were equipped with additional flash lights.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121173/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Safety Impact of Additional Blue Lights of Rescue Vehicles
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Leich, Andreasandreas.leich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5242-2051
Saul, HagenHagen.Saul (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kozempel, KarstenKarsten.Kozempel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Luber, Andreasandreas.luber (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1938-971X
Kippnich, UweBRKUNSPECIFIED
Damböck, MarkusBRKUNSPECIFIED
Rauschenberger, RainerBRKUNSPECIFIED
Biber, FlorianBRKUNSPECIFIED
Stadler, ThomasBRKUNSPECIFIED
Hoffmann, Ragnaragna.hoffmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2018
Journal or Publication Title:Transactions on Transport Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Risser, RalfFactum
Pospíšil, KarelTransport Research Centre
Publisher:Palacký University Olomouc
ISSN:1802-9876
Status:Published
Keywords:Ambulance Vehicles, Traffic Safety, Risk, additional flash lights
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - I.MoVe (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems
Deposited By: Leich, Dr.-Ing. Andreas
Deposited On:30 Jul 2018 09:39
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:19

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