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Economic and environmental prospects of biofuels in the European transport sector

Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe and Albrecht, Friedemann Georg and Bealu, Zoe and Estelmann, Stefan and Maier, Simon (2018) Economic and environmental prospects of biofuels in the European transport sector. 26th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition (EUBCE 2018), 14. - 17. Mai 2018, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Abstract

Decarbonization of the transport sector as proclaimed in the COP 21 targets requires the transition from fossil to renewable energy sources. While electric vehicles may become a viable option towards decarbonization of individual car traffic, at least aviation, shipping and heavy duty transportation will continue to rely on liquid fuels. Biofuels can replace a large share of fossil fuel in these sectors. However, the usage of biofuels within transportation is only reasonable with significantly reduced Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to fossil fuels and lower GHG abatement costs compared to other decarbonization technologies (e.g. Power-to-Liquid, hydrogen, electric mobility etc.). A detailed discussion of biofuels prospects in Europe shall be presented. Starting from a short summary of political framework conditions for biofuels in Europe, different biofuel production paths are compared and analyzed in terms of technical potential, fuel costs, GHG footprint and GHG abatement costs. Based on the results the following superordinate questions are addressed: - What share of the European transportation energy consumption can be covered by biofuels? - In which sector seem biofuels most realistic and most feasible and what type of biofuels are required? - How compare biofuels GHG abatement potential and GHG abatement costs with other GHG reducing technologies?

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121122/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Economic and environmental prospects of biofuels in the European transport sector
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Dietrich, Ralph-Uweralph-uwe.dietrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Albrecht, Friedemann Georgfriedemann.albrecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bealu, ZoeZoe.Bealu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Estelmann, StefanStefan.Estelmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maier, SimonSimon.Maier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:16 May 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Alternative fuels, 2nd generation biofuels techno economic assessment method Green house gas abatement costs
Event Title:26th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition (EUBCE 2018)
Event Location:Copenhagen, Denmark
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:14. - 17. Mai 2018
Organizer:ETA-Florence Renewable Energies
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Synthetic Hydrocarbons
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes (Synth. HC.)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe
Deposited On:07 Sep 2018 13:46
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:18

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