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Innovative Small Launcher

van Kleef, Arnaud and Oving, Bertil and Verberne, C. J. and Haemmerli, Bastien and Kuhn, Markus and Müller, Ilja and Petkov, Ivaylo (2015) Innovative Small Launcher. In: Proceedings of the 13th Reinventing Space Conference, pp. 59-16. Springer. 13th Reinventing Space Conference, 09.-13. Nov. 2015, Oxford, Großbritannien. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32817-1_7 ISBN 978-3-319-32817-1

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32817-1_7


The market for small satellites is expected to increase substantially in the coming years, but there is little capacity to launch them affordably. No operational dedicated launcher for small satellites exists today. Small satellites, launched as secondary payloads, are entirely dependent on the constraints set by the primary payload, such as launch date and target orbit. Launch costs of less than €50,000 per kg of payload are required in order to directly compete with piggy-back ride shares. With a dedicated launcher a higher cost per kg can be accepted for payloads which need to be delivered timely and accurately to a desired orbit. --- A consortium of 13 companies and institutes are joining forces in a Horizon 2020 work programme to design a dedicated small launcher to be built in and launched from Europe. The project is called SMall Innovative Launcher for Europe (SMILE) starting in 2016. The SMILE project aims at a combined research approach into a new innovative European launcher for an emerging market of small satellites up to 50 kg using a multidisciplinary design and optimisation approach strengthened by the demonstration of critical technologies for cost-effective solutions and complemented with the design of a European-based launch capability from Andøya (Norway). For the intended market, cost reduction is essential. One option to reduce cost is to apply reusability of one or more of the stages. Cost can also be reduced by applying commercial industry-grade components. Another means of cost reduction is through volume production. Finally, the production process can be optimized for cost, e.g. automated manufacturing for composite parts and 3D-printing for metallic parts. Critical launcher technologies in various expertise areas will be developed in SMILE, but this paper focusses on the rocket engine developments and their impact on cost reduction and design since the engines are the most critical and expensive parts of a launcher. For the rocket propulsion system, both hybrid engines and reusable liquid engines are assessed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/120615/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Conference No. BIS-RS-2015-16
Title:Innovative Small Launcher
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Verberne, C. J.Nammo Raufoss ASUNSPECIFIED
Haemmerli, BastienNammo Raufoss ASUNSPECIFIED
Kuhn, MarkusMarkus.Kuhn (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0633-2327
Müller, IljaIlja.Mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Petkov, IvayloIvaylo.Petkov (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:11 November 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 13th Reinventing Space Conference
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-32817-1_7
Page Range:pp. 59-16
Hatton, ScottThe British Interplanetary Society
Keywords:Cost-Effective Launcher, Hybrid Rocket Propulsion, Innovative Propulsion Concepts, LPRE, Liquid Rocket Propulsion, Microlauncher, SMILE
Event Title:13th Reinventing Space Conference
Event Location:Oxford, Großbritannien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:09.-13. Nov. 2015
Organizer:British Interplanetary Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - EU Projekte Raumtransport (old), R - Antriebsystemtechnik - Schubkammertechnologie
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Structures and Design > Space System Integration
Deposited By: Kuhn, Markus
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 10:21
Last Modified:03 Jul 2018 10:21

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