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Unsteady Boundary Layer Transition Measurements on a Rotor in Forward Flight

Overmeyer, Austin and Heineck, James T. and Wolf, Christian (2018) Unsteady Boundary Layer Transition Measurements on a Rotor in Forward Flight. AHS International 74th Annual Forum & Technology Display, 14.-17. Mai 2018, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

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Official URL: http://vtol.org

Abstract

A proof of concept test to measure the unsteady boundary layer transition locations on the lower surface of a Mach-scaled rotor in forward flight was performed during the Summer of 2017 in the NASA Langley 14- by 22-Foot Subsonic Tunnel. The transition locations were measured using high-speed infrared thermography with a rotating mirror assembly that could be remotely actuated to acquire data at several rotor azimuths. Data were acquired for eight unique rotor flight conditions for a range of advance ratios (mu=0.10 to 0.38), thrust coefficients (CT/sigma = 0.04 to 0.12) and rotor shaft angles (alpha = -6 deg to 0 deg). This paper presents the transition locations as a function of azimuth and radius for an advance ratio of, mu, of 0.30, and thrust coefficent, CT/sigma, of 0.08. At this condition, the lower surface is fully laminar on the retreating side and mostly turbulent on the advancing side except near the tip. The tip airfoils were greater than 60 percent laminar on the lower surface advancing side. Capturing the location of natural transition on a rotating blade in forward flight represents a new advancement toward understanding the boundary layer state and its important contribution to rotor aerodynamics. Documentation of the boundary layer transition location during testing is critical to understanding scaling model to full-scale performance data, validation of newly developed turbulence models, and the design of the next generation of high performance rotor blades.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/120407/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Unsteady Boundary Layer Transition Measurements on a Rotor in Forward Flight
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Overmeyer, AustinNASA, Langley, Hampton, VA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Heineck, James T.NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Wolf, ChristianChristian.Wolf (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9052-7548
Date:2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Unsteady Boundary Layer Transition, NASA Langley 14- by 22-Foot Subsonic Tunnel, Infrared Thermography, Rotor Aerodynamics
Event Title:AHS International 74th Annual Forum & Technology Display
Event Location:Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:14.-17. Mai 2018
Organizer:AHS International, Inc.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:rotorcraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L RR - Rotorcraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - The Virtual Aerodynamic Rotorcraft
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Helicopter, GO
Deposited By: Winkels, Elisabeth
Deposited On:19 Jun 2018 07:22
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:53

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