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Cost-effective human comfort manikin with realistic thermal load for studies of convection-driven ventilation systems

Lange, Pascal and Westhoff, Andreas and Schmeling, Daniel and Bosbach, Johannes (2018) Cost-effective human comfort manikin with realistic thermal load for studies of convection-driven ventilation systems. Roomvent & Ventilation 2018, 2.-5. Juni 2018, Espoo, Finnland.

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Official URL: https://roomventilation2018.org/


The thermal environment in interior spaces (e.g. cars, trains, aircrafts and office buildings) is often very inhomogeneous. Under such conditions, the human thermal sensation is influenced by a variety of thermal parameters, which renders the determination of the thermal comfort into a complex task. Especially the acquisition of single, pointwise quantities, such as air temperature, air velocity or surface temperatures, is insufficient for robust evaluation of the thermal comfort. The equivalent temperature, which combines several comfort-relevant quantities into a single integral quantity, is considered a mature quantity for the evaluation of passenger thermal comfort. Nowadays, only a few solitary systems exist to assess the thermal comfort based on equivalent temperatures experimentally. These are either very expensive or suitable for pointwise measurements only. However, simultaneous data acquisition at many different locations in the interior space is highly desired, generating the need for cost-effective yet precise systems. These systems are supposed to provide access to local equivalent temperatures and further, especially if convection-driven ventilation systems are considered, to simulate the heat impact of real passengers as well. To accomplish this task, thermal passenger manikins of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) have been turned into thermal comfort manikins. In order to enable the measurement of equivalent temperatures for several body parts, the thermal manikin is calibrated in a thermally isolated, temperature-controlled test chamber. Herein, the surface temperature of the manikin is measured using high-definition infrared thermography. This offers the possibility to calculate local equivalent temperatures at a spatial resolution of 10 cm and with a precision better than ±0.5 K. At the conference we are going to present the thermal manikin and the whole technical procedure regarding the calibration in detail. The performance of the manikin is going to be demonstrated for dedicated ventilation cases in aircraft, car and train cabin models.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/120038/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Cost-effective human comfort manikin with realistic thermal load for studies of convection-driven ventilation systems
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Lange, PascalPascal.Lange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Westhoff, AndreasAndreas.Westhoff (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schmeling, DanielDaniel.Schmeling (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bosbach, JohannesJohannes.Bosbach (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:thermal manikin, equivalent temperature, thermal comfort, convection-driven ventilation systems, thermal loads
Event Title:Roomvent & Ventilation 2018
Event Location:Espoo, Finnland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2.-5. Juni 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC-Energiemanagement (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems, GO
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Experimental Methods, GO
Deposited By: Lange, Pascal
Deposited On:14 Jun 2018 11:28
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:17

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