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Transmission Spectroscopy with the ACE-FTS Infrared Spectral Atlas of Earth: A Model Validation and Feasibility Study

Schreier, Franz and Städt, Steffen and Hedelt, Pascal and Godolt, M (2018) Transmission Spectroscopy with the ACE-FTS Infrared Spectral Atlas of Earth: A Model Validation and Feasibility Study. Molecular Astrophysics, 11, pp. 1-22. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.molap.2018.02.001 ISSN 2405-6758

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Abstract

Infrared solar occultation measurements are well established for remote sensing of Earth's atmosphere, and the corresponding primary transit spectroscopy has turned out to be valuable for characterization of extrasolar planets. Our objective is an assessment of the detectability of molecular signatures in Earth's transit spectra. To this end, we take a limb sequence of representative cloud-free transmission spectra recorded by the space-borne ACE-FTS Earth observation mission (Hughes et al., ACE infrared spectral atlases of the Earth's atmosphere, JQSRT 2014) and combine these spectra to the effective height of the atmosphere. These data are compared to spectra modeled with an atmospheric radiative transfer line-by-line infrared code to study the impact of individual molecules, spectral resolution, the choice of auxiliary data, and numerical approximations. Moreover, the study serves as a validation of our infrared radiative transfer code. The largest impact is due to water, carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, nitrogen, nitric acid, oxygen, and some chlorofluorocarbons (CFC11 and CFC12). The effect of further molecules considered in the modeling is either marginal or absent. The best matching model has a mean residuum of 0.4 km and a maximum difference of 2 km to the measured effective height. For a quantitative estimate of visibility and detectability we consider the maximum change of the residual spectrum, the relative change of the residual norm, the additional transit depth, and signal-to-noise ratios for a JWST setup. In conclusion, our study provides a list of molecules that are relevant for modeling transmission spectra of Earth-like exoplanets and discusses the feasibility of retrieval.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119683/
Document Type:Article
Title:Transmission Spectroscopy with the ACE-FTS Infrared Spectral Atlas of Earth: A Model Validation and Feasibility Study
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schreier, Franzfranz.schreier (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7196-6599
Städt, Steffensteffen.staedt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hedelt, PascalPascal.Hedelt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1752-0040
Godolt, MTU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Molecular Astrophysics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:11
DOI :10.1016/j.molap.2018.02.001
Page Range:pp. 1-22
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2405-6758
Status:Published
Keywords:Extrasolar planets; Solar occultation spectra; Atmospheric composition; Biosignatures
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):Vorhaben Spectroscopic Methods in Remote Sensing
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Atmospheric Processors
Institute of Planetary Research > Extrasolar Planets and Atmospheres
Deposited By: Schreier, Dr.rer.nat. Franz
Deposited On:19 Apr 2018 12:12
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:25

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