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Transformation towards a Renewable Energy system in Brazil and Mexico – Technological and structural Options for Latin America

Simon, Sonja and Naegler, Tobias and Gils, Hans Christian (2018) Transformation towards a Renewable Energy system in Brazil and Mexico – Technological and structural Options for Latin America. Energies, 11 (4). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/en11040907 ISSN 1996-1073

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/11/4/907

Abstract

Newly industrialized countries face major challenges to comply with the Paris treaty targets as economic growth and prosperity lead to increasing energy demand. Our paper analyses technological and structural options in terms of energy efficiency and renewable energies for a massive reduction of energy-related CO2 emissions in Latin America. Brazil and Mexico share similar growth prospects but differ significantly with respect to renewable energy potentials. We identify, how this leads to different transformation pathways. By applying and energy system balancing model we develop normative energy system transformation scenarios across the heating, power, and mobility sectors, including their potential interactions. The normative scenarios rely on three basic strategies for both countries: (1) strong exploitation of efficiency potentials, (2) tapping the renewable energy potentials, and (3) sector coupling and electrification of heat supply and transport. Despite economic growth, significant CO2 emission reductions could be achieved in Brazil from 440 Gt/a (2.2 t/cap) in 2012 to 0.4 Gt (2 kg/cap) in 2050 and in Mexico from 400 Gt/a (3.3 t/cap) to 80 Gt (0.5 t/cap). Our study shows the gap between existing policy and scenarios and our strategies, which provide an economically feasible way to comply with the Paris treaty targets.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119675/
Document Type:Article
Title:Transformation towards a Renewable Energy system in Brazil and Mexico – Technological and structural Options for Latin America
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Simon, SonjaSonja.Simon (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2775-5457
Naegler, TobiasTobias.Naegler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2390-1672
Gils, Hans Christianhans-christian.gils (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6745-6609
Date:April 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Energies
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:11
DOI :10.3390/en11040907
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:1996-1073
Status:Published
Keywords:renewable energy potential, normative energy scenario, CO2 target, energy system transformation, Paris Treaty
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Deposited By: Simon, Dr. Sonja
Deposited On:09 May 2018 15:42
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:24

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