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Dynamic and Flexible Platooning in Urban Areas

Schindler, Julian and Dariani, Reza and Rondinone, Michele and Walter, Thomas (2018) Dynamic and Flexible Platooning in Urban Areas. AAET Automatisiertes und vernetztes Fahren, 14.-15. März 2018, Braunschweig, Deutschland.

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Platooning for trucks on highways has been largely investigated in several research projects. There, the platoons are used to be safe and efficient "road trains" of close following vehicles centrally managed by a platoon leader via V2X communications. Once such a platoon is formed, it is very stable and often restricted to one lane. At the same time, Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) uses a distributed approach in which any vehicle can use V2X receptions to maintain a constant gap from the preceding one. In this sense, quasi-platoons composed by CACC vehicles became an option for more flexible platoons under urban conditions. Lioris et al. (2016) therefore performed simulations to demonstrate the positive effects on throughput on urban roads when a CACC-platoon passes signalized intersections. But platooning under urban conditions is more than just passing intersections in close distance, and it is much more dynamic and flexible compared to platooning on highways. First, opportunities for vehicles to build platoons have to be detected based on some local common criteria (e.g. similar destinations, acceleration capabilities, speed requirements). Secondly, while driving in a platoon, various dynamic situations have to be handled, like platoon splitting, recombining, breaking-up by conventional vehicles, urgent reactions to vulnerable road users, etc. Furthermore, the efficiency of urban platoons can be increased when platoon members and the infrastructure cooperate, e.g. in terms of adaptive traffic light control or cooperative sensing. Within the EU H2020 project MAVEN (Managing Automated Vehicles Enhances Network), dynamic urban platooning is investigated, esp. in the light of hierarchical traffic management. How can infrastructure help to enhance traffic efficiency and safety in urban areas by also taking into account platoons? MAVEN is going to answer this question by performing traffic simulations and prototypic implementations. This paper provides detailed information on the first steps taken in MAVEN related to flexible urban platooning. New approaches for dynamic platoon initialization, joining, leaving and splitting are discussed. The proposed communication protocols and the detailed logic for platoon members are presented. Furthermore, first results of simulations and prototypic implementations are shown.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119655/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Dynamic and Flexible Platooning in Urban Areas
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Schindler, Julianjulian.schindler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5398-8217
Dariani, RezaReza.Dariani (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rondinone, MicheleMRondinone (at) hyundai-europe.comUNSPECIFIED
Walter, ThomasTWalter (at) hyundai-europe.comUNSPECIFIED
Date:14 March 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Urban Platooning, CACC, hierarchical traffic management, platoon split up, cooperative lane change
Event Title:AAET Automatisiertes und vernetztes Fahren
Event Location:Braunschweig, Deutschland
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:14.-15. März 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrzeugintelligenz (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Development of vehicle functions
Deposited By: Schindler, Julian
Deposited On:07 May 2018 10:01
Last Modified:20 Jun 2021 15:50

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