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Large Housing Estates - Analysing the Morphologic Similarities and Differences of a Specific Town Planning Concept

Taubenböck, Hannes and Murawski, Manuel and Wurm, Michael (2018) Large Housing Estates - Analysing the Morphologic Similarities and Differences of a Specific Town Planning Concept. In: Proceedings of the Real CORP, pp. 275-284. Real CORP 2018, 04.-06.April 2018, Wien, Österreich. ISBN ISBN 978-3-9504173-4-0

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Official URL: http://programm.corp.at/cdrom2018/papers2018/CORP2018_75.pdf

Abstract

Urban Landscapes show different urban structures. The physical face of cities is the result of complex city planning and general principles of spatial planning. And this physical face can be seen as the theater of life influencing life quality, social justice, mobility patterns, etc. In this work we focus on a specific phenomenon in post-war Germany: the town planning concept of large housing estates and their physical realizations. Same principles seem to lead to very similar urban structures and morphologies. However, over time different principles of spatial planning directions were applied for large housing states in the 1950/60s (the principle of the ‘structured and low dense city’) and the 1970/80s (the principle of ‘urbanity by density’) in Western Germany and for the entire time period until 1990 in the German Democratic Republic (the principle of the ‘socialistic city’). In this stuy we analyze whether large housing estates resulted in similar or different urban morphologies. And, whether different urban morphologies developed across variations of the specific town planning concept applied. To do so, we base our work on spatial data capturing the large housing estates in Level of Detail-1 (LoD-1) 3D building models and the street network. These geoinformation are derived from multi-sensoral Earth observation data as well as from Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) (in our case from OpenStreetMap). For the measurements and analyses of the morphologies of large housing estates we develop and apply spatial features such as building density, floor space index, orientation of buildings, orientations of streets, among others. We reveal that different directions of the same town planning concepts for large housing estates generally create physical variabilities of the urban morphologies within a relatively small range. A closer look, however, reveals that variations do exist and that specific town planning principles had de facto influence on the resulting morphologies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119652/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Large Housing Estates - Analysing the Morphologic Similarities and Differences of a Specific Town Planning Concept
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4360-9126
Murawski, Manuelmanuel.murawski (at) gmx.deUNSPECIFIED
Wurm, Michaelmichael.wurm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5967-1894
Date:April 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the Real CORP
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 275-284
ISBN:ISBN 978-3-9504173-4-0
Status:Published
Keywords:large housing estates, volunteered geographic information, remote sensing, urban morphology, urban structure
Event Title:Real CORP 2018
Event Location:Wien, Österreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:04.-06.April 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Taubenböck, Dr. Hannes
Deposited On:09 May 2018 11:04
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:17

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