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Small Innovative Launcher for Europe: Achievement of the H2020 Project SMILE

Oving, Bertil and van Kleef, Arnaud and Haemmerli, Bastien and Boiron, Adrien and Kuhn, Markus and Müller, Ilja and Petrozzi, Marina (2017) Small Innovative Launcher for Europe: Achievement of the H2020 Project SMILE. International Astronautical Congress 2017, 25.-29. Sept. 2017, Adelaide, Australien.

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Official URL: https://iafastro.directory/iac/paper/id/37468/summary/


Today's market for small satellites is expanding, but there is little capacity for affordable, dedicated launches. Launch costs of less than €50,000 per kg are required to compete with piggyback options and ride-shares; hence, cost reduction is essential. Fourteen European companies and institutes have joined forces in a Horizon2020 project called "SMall Innovative Launcher for Europe" (SMILE). The project aims at designing a launcher for satellites up to 70 kg and a European launch facility in northern Norway. Furthermore, the readiness level of critical technologies on propulsion, avionics, and cost-effective manufacturing is increased. As the development time of small satellites can be quite short, the launch rate (time-to-launch) is considered a key requirement. An effective and efficient organisation, including supply chain, is needed to maintain the launch cadence and to reduce operational cost, both of which are needed to deliver a commercially viable service. Both liquid and hybrid rocket engines are considered for this small launcher: a high-performance LOX/kerosene engine and a low-cost H2O2/HTPB engine. The reusable liquid engine, for which hot firing tests are scheduled in 2017, uses a ceramic-based, transpiration cooled combustion chamber and a 3D-printed injector. The H2O2/HTPB hybrid engine technology offers simplicity of the architecture and uses green, storable propellants. Upgrades from the existing engine are then considered, notably by increasing the performances and reducing the dry mass. With a choice of two types of engines, different configurations are analysed in a two- or three-stage set-up using a multidisciplinary design approach including steps from geometry set-up to trajectory optimisation. Preliminary cost estimations and readiness levels are used as complementary metrics. A trade-off is performed to select materials and structural elements to withstand the most demanding loading cases. To minimise the mass, composite sandwich structures are proposed. A suitable automated manufacturing process is then needed for cost-effectiveness. To accommodate both CubeSats and micro-satellites, a flexible payload adapter is designed. The use of COTS for the avionics is foreseen to reduce cost, with low-cost MEMS gyroscopes competing with high-performance fibre optic gyroscopes. High-performance multi-processor System-On-chips can Combine processing power, real-time control, and high number of interfaces into a single board. Finally, a new launch site design, including preliminary ground and flight safety analysis, is performed for the launch base in Northern Norway, currently already used for sounding rockets launches.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119479/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:IAC-17-D2.7.5 37468
Title:Small Innovative Launcher for Europe: Achievement of the H2020 Project SMILE
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Haemmerli, BastienNammo Raufoss ASUNSPECIFIED
Boiron, AdrienNammo Raufoss ASUNSPECIFIED
Kuhn, MarkusMarkus.Kuhn (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0633-2327
Müller, IljaIlja.Mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Petrozzi, MarinaAndøya Space CenterUNSPECIFIED
Date:26 September 2017
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-13
Event Title:International Astronautical Congress 2017
Event Location:Adelaide, Australien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:25.-29. Sept. 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Antriebsystemtechnik - Schubkammertechnologie, R - Wiederverwendbare Raumfahrtsysteme und Antriebstechnologie
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Structures and Design > Space System Integration
Deposited By: Kuhn, Markus
Deposited On:14 Jun 2018 15:43
Last Modified:14 Jun 2018 15:43

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