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NASA's Black Marble Nighttime Lights Product Suite

Roman, M.O. and Wang, Z. and Sun, Q. and Kalb, V. and Miller, S.D. and Molthan, A.L. and Schultz, L.A. and Bell, J.R. and Stokes, E. and Pandey, B. and Seto, K. and Hall, D.K. and Oda, T. and Wolfe, R.E. and Lin, G. and Golpayegani, N. and Devadiga, S. and Davidson, C. and Sarkar, S. and Praderas, C. and Schmaltz, J. and Boller, R.A. and Stevens, J. and Ramos Gonzalez, O.M. and Padilla, E. and Alonso, J. and Detres, Y. and Armstrong, R. and Miranda, I. and Conte, Y. and Marrero, N. and MacManus, K. and Esch, Thomas and Masuoka, E.J. (2018) NASA's Black Marble Nighttime Lights Product Suite. Remote Sensing of Environment (210), pp. 113-143. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2018.03.017 ISSN 0034-4257

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Abstract

NASA's Black Marble nighttime lights product suite (VNP46) is available at 500m resolution since January 2012 with data from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Day/Night Band (DNB) onboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Platform (SNPP). The retrieval algorithm, developed and implemented for routine global processing at NASA's Land Science Investigator-led Processing System (SIPS), utilizes all high-quality, cloud-free, atmospheric-, terrain-, vegetation-, snow-, lunar-, and stray light-corrected radiances to estimate daily nighttime lights (NTL) and other intrinsic surface optical properties. Key algorithm enhancements include: (1) lunar irradiance modeling to resolve non-linear changes in phase and libration; (2) vector radiative transfer and lunar bidirectional surface anisotropic reflectance modeling to correct for atmospheric and BRDF effects; (3) geometric- optical and canopy radiative transfer modeling to account for seasonal variations in NTL; and (4) temporal gap-filling to reduce persistent data gaps. Extensive benchmark tests at representative spatial and temporal scales were conducted on the VNP46 time series record to characterize the uncertainties stemming from upstream data sources. Initial validation results are presented together with example case studies illustrating the scientific utility of the products. This includes an evaluation of temporal patterns of NTL dynamics associated with urbanization, socioeconomic variability, cultural characteristics, and displaced populations affected by conflict. Current and planned activities under the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Human Planet Initiative are aimed at evaluating the products at different geographic locations and time periods representing the full range of retrieval conditions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119453/
Document Type:Article
Title:NASA's Black Marble Nighttime Lights Product Suite
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Roman, M.O.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, Z.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sun, Q.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kalb, V.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Miller, S.D.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Molthan, A.L.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schultz, L.A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bell, J.R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stokes, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pandey, B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Seto, K.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hall, D.K.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Oda, T.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wolfe, R.E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lin, G.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Golpayegani, N.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Devadiga, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Davidson, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sarkar, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Praderas, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schmaltz, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Boller, R.A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stevens, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ramos Gonzalez, O.M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Padilla, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Alonso, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Detres, Y.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Armstrong, R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Miranda, I.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Conte, Y.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Marrero, N.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
MacManus, K.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Esch, ThomasThomas.Esch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Masuoka, E.J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing of Environment
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.rse.2018.03.017
Page Range:pp. 113-143
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Elsevier, RSEUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0034-4257
Status:Published
Keywords:JPSS NASA black marble VIIRS Night lights NTL Urban dynamics Long-term monitoring Lunar BRDF Albedo Atmospheric correction
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Esch, Dr.rer.nat. Thomas
Deposited On:09 Apr 2018 14:33
Last Modified:09 Apr 2018 14:33

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