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Winter color polymorphisms identify global hot spots for evolutionary rescue from climate change

Mills, Scott L and Bragina, Eugenia V. and Kumar, Alexander V. and Zimova, Marketa and Lafferty, Diana J. R. and Feltner, Jennifer and Davis, Brandon M. and Hackländer, Klaus and Alves, Paulo C. and Good, Jeffrey M. and Melo-Ferreira, José and Dietz, Andreas and Abramov, Alexei V. and Lopatina, Natalia and Fay, Kairsten (2018) Winter color polymorphisms identify global hot spots for evolutionary rescue from climate change. Science, 359, pp. 1033-1036. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). DOI: 10.1126/science.aan8097 ISSN 0036-8075

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2018/02/14/science.aan8097/tab-pdf

Abstract

Maintenance of biodiversity in a rapidly changing climate will depend on the efficacy of evolutionary rescue, whereby population declines due to abrupt environmental change are reversed by shifts in genetically driven adaptive traits. However, a lack of traits known to be under direct selection by anthropogenic climate change has limited the incorporation of evolutionary processes into global conservation efforts. In 21 vertebrate species, some individuals undergo a seasonal color molt from summer brown to winter white as camouflage against snow, while other individuals remain brown. Seasonal snow duration is decreasing globally, and fitness is lower for winter white animals on snowless backgrounds. Based on 2713 georeferenced samples of known winter coat Color from eight species across trophic Levels we identify environmentally driven clinal gradients in winter coat color, including polymorphic zones where winter brown and white morphs co-occur. These polymorphic zones, underrepresented by existing global protected area networks, indicate hot spots for evolutionary rescue in a changing climate.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119239/
Document Type:Article
Title:Winter color polymorphisms identify global hot spots for evolutionary rescue from climate change
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Mills, Scott LWildlife Biology Program and Office of the Vice President for Research and Creative Scholarship, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USAUNSPECIFIED
Bragina, Eugenia V.Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology Program, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kumar, Alexander V.Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology Program, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USAUNSPECIFIED
Zimova, MarketaFisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology Program, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lafferty, Diana J. R.Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology Program, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USAUNSPECIFIED
Feltner, JenniferFisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology Program, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USAUNSPECIFIED
Davis, Brandon M.Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology Program, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hackländer, KlausInstitute of Wildlife Biology and Game Management, BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AustriUNSPECIFIED
Alves, Paulo C.Wildlife Biology Program, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USAUNSPECIFIED
Good, Jeffrey M.Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USAUNSPECIFIED
Melo-Ferreira, JoséCIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, PortugalUNSPECIFIED
Dietz, AndreasAndreas.Dietz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Abramov, Alexei V.Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Saint Petersburg 199034, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Lopatina, NataliaInstitute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals SB RAS, Novosibirsk, 630091, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Fay, KairstenFisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology Program, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 February 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:359
DOI :10.1126/science.aan8097
Page Range:pp. 1033-1036
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
ISSN:0036-8075
Status:Published
Keywords:Evolution, snow cover
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Dietz, Andreas
Deposited On:12 Mar 2018 14:10
Last Modified:14 Feb 2019 12:49

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