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The similar size of slums

Friesen, John and Taubenböck, Hannes and Wurm, Michael and Pelz, Peter (2018) The similar size of slums. Habitat International, 73, pp. 79-88. Elsevier. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.002 ISSN 0197-3975

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197397517309220

Abstract

More than half of the world's population currently resides in urban areas. In the majority of developing countries slums are a defining part of the urban scape. Their supply with energy, basic infrastructure, among others is one of the main challenges of modern civilizations. To provide an optimal supply, the spatial patterns of slums in cities have to be explored. While most of current literature is focused on inter-urban dynamics, this paper is focused on intra-urban pattern (i.e. the spatial pattern of morphological slums within a city) and its link to the inter-urban ones. Therefore, census and remote sensing data are analyzed to create rank size distributions of morphological slums in different cities of developing countries. The observations were compared to rank size distributions of cities in a respective developing country. It is found that typical inter-urban pattern can be transferred to intra-urban pattern. Surprisingly is the fact that the size of slums is independent from city and global region in the analyzed cities. The slums in Mumbai, Manila, Rio de Janeiro and Cape Town have an average area of 0.016 km2 with a standard deviation of only 0.004 km2.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119073/
Document Type:Article
Title:The similar size of slums
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Friesen, JohnTU DarmstadtUNSPECIFIED
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4360-9126
Wurm, Michaelmichael.wurm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5967-1894
Pelz, PeterTU DarmstadtUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Habitat International
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:73
DOI :https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.002
Page Range:pp. 79-88
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0197-3975
Status:Published
Keywords:Zipf's law; Rank size distribution; Log-normal distribution Slums; Morphological slums; Informal settlements
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Wurm, Michael
Deposited On:07 Mar 2018 12:30
Last Modified:23 Feb 2019 00:22

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