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The morphology of the Arrival City - A global categorization based on literature surveys and remotely sensed data

Taubenböck, Hannes and Kraff, Nicolas and Wurm, Michael (2018) The morphology of the Arrival City - A global categorization based on literature surveys and remotely sensed data. Applied Geography, 92, pp. 150-167. Elsevier. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.02.002 ISSN 0143-6228

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622817309955

Abstract

When we think about living environments of the urban poor, slums might be the most immediate association. These slums evoke a more or less stereotype impression of built environments: complex, high dense alignments of small makeshift or run-down shelters. However, this perceived characteristic morphology is neither globally homogeneous nor is this perception covering morphologic appearances of urban poverty in a comprehensive way. This research provides an empirical baseline study of existing morphologies, their similarities and differences across the globe. To do so, we conceptually approach urban poverty as places which provide relatively cheap living spaces serving as possible access to the city, to its society and to its functions – so called Arrival Cities. Based on a systematic literature survey we select a sample of 44 Arrival Cities across the globe. Using very high resolution optical satellite data in combination with street view images and field work we derive level of detail-1 3D-building models for all study areas. We measure the spatial structure of these settlements by the spatial pattern (by three features – building density, building orientation and heterogeneity of the pattern) and the morphology of individual buildings (by two features – building size and height). We develop a morphologic settlement type index based on all five features allowing categorization of Arrival Cities. We find a large morphologic variety for built environments of the urban poor, from slum and slum-like structures to formal and planned structures. This variability is found on all continents, within countries and even within a single city. At the same time detected categories (such as slums) are found to have very similar physical features across the globe.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119052/
Document Type:Article
Title:The morphology of the Arrival City - A global categorization based on literature surveys and remotely sensed data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4360-9126
Kraff, Nicolasnicolas.kraff (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wurm, Michaelmichael.wurm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5967-1894
Date:21 February 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Geography
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:92
DOI :https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.02.002
Page Range:pp. 150-167
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0143-6228
Status:Published
Keywords:Slums, Informal Settlements, Urban poverty, Building morphologies, Urban pattern, Remote sensing
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Taubenböck, Dr. Hannes
Deposited On:07 Mar 2018 12:32
Last Modified:23 Feb 2019 00:22

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