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Eye movement indicators for successful failure detection

Hasse, Catrin and Bruder, Carmen (2017) Eye movement indicators for successful failure detection. In: ECEM 2017 Program and Abstracts, p. 133. University of Wuppertal, Germany. 19th European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM), 20. - 24. Aug. 2017, Wuppertal.

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Official URL: http://ecem2017.uni-wuppertal.de/data/ECEM_Booklet.pdf

Abstract

It is becoming increasingly important for pilots and air traffic controllers (ATCs) to be able to detect automation failures in a timely manner. In the context of personnel selection, conventional tests based on behavioural indicators could be complemented by integrating eye-tracking methods. The present study focuses on revealing eye movement parameters that reflect adequate scanning behaviour, which, in turn, predicts accurate failure detection. Eye movements were recorded whilst subjects were monitoring an automated system and reporting failures. Based on predefined areas of interest (AOIs), eye movement parameters were analyzed within different time units around the automation failure. The data suggest that there are differences between the eye movements of operators who detected automation failures and those who missed them. Human operators who successfully detect an automation failure demonstrate time-specific monitoring patterns. These patterns are quantified by parameters such as fixations counts, gaze durations, mean fixation durations, and the total time to first fixation. Depending on the time frame, different eye tracking parameters become relevant for failure detection, thus reflecting the interplay of the diverse cognitive processes involved. The findings are discussed in the context of the personnel selection and training of aviation operatives, as well as ATC incident reporting.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/118843/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Eye movement indicators for successful failure detection
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hasse, Catrincatrin.hasse (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bruder, Carmencarmen.bruder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:August 2017
Journal or Publication Title:ECEM 2017 Program and Abstracts
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:p. 133
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Radach, RalphUNSPECIFIED
Deubel, HeinerUNSPECIFIED
Vorstius, ChristianUNSPECIFIED
Hofmann, Markus J.UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:University of Wuppertal, Germany
Status:Published
Keywords:Eye tracking, aviation, failure detection, personnel selection
Event Title:19th European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM)
Event Location:Wuppertal
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:20. - 24. Aug. 2017
Organizer:Bergische Universität
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Hasse, Catrin
Deposited On:12 Feb 2018 11:34
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:16

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