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Multifunctional Composites for Future Energy Storage in Aerospace Structures

Adam, Till Julian and Liao, Guangyue and Petersen, Jan and Geier, Sebastian and Finke, Benedikt and Wierach, Peter and Kwade, Arno and Wiedemann, Martin (2018) Multifunctional Composites for Future Energy Storage in Aerospace Structures. Energies, 11 (2), p. 335. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/en11020335 ISSN 1996-1073

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/11/2/335

Abstract

Multifunctionalization of fiber-reinforced composites, especially by adding energy storage capabilities, is a promising approach to realize lightweight structural energy storages for future transport vehicles. Compared to conventional energy storage systems, energy density can be increased by reducing parasitic masses of non-energy-storing components and by benefitting from the composite meso- and microarchitectures. In this paper, the most relevant existing approaches towards multifunctional energy storages are reviewed and subdivided into five groups by distinguishing their degree of integration and their scale of multifunctionalization. By introducing a modified range equation for battery-powered electric aircrafts, possible range extensions enabled by multifunctionalization are estimated. Furthermore, general and aerospace specific potentials of multifunctional energy storages are discussed. Representing an intermediate degree of structural integration, experimental results for a multifunctional energy-storing glass fiber-reinforced composite based on the ceramic electrolyte LATP are presented. Cyclic voltammetry tests are used to characterize the double-layer behavior combined with galvanostatic charge–discharge measurements for capacitance calculation. The capacitance is observed to be unchanged after 1500 charge–discharge cycles revealing a promising potential for future applications. Furthermore, the mechanical properties are assessed by means of four-point bending and tensile tests. Additionally, the influence of mechanical loads on the electrical properties is also investigated, demonstrating the storage stability of the composites.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/118730/
Document Type:Article
Title:Multifunctional Composites for Future Energy Storage in Aerospace Structures
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Adam, Till JulianTill.Adam (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Liao, GuangyueGuangyue.Liao (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Petersen, JanJan.Petersen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Geier, SebastianSebastian.Geier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Finke, Benediktb.finke (at) tu-bs.deUNSPECIFIED
Wierach, PeterPeter.Wierach (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kwade, ArnoiPAT, TU BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Wiedemann, MartinMartin.Wiedemann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2 February 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Energies
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:11
DOI :10.3390/en11020335
Page Range:p. 335
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:1996-1073
Status:Published
Keywords:structural energy Storages, multifunctional power Composites, LATP solid electrolyte, electrical properties, mechanical properties
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Peakpower Superkondensatoren
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems
Deposited By: Adam, Till Julian
Deposited On:26 Feb 2018 08:16
Last Modified:21 Sep 2019 05:05

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