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Chalcogenide Electrocatalysts for Energy Conversion Fuel Cell

Gago, Aldo and Luo, Yun and Alonso-Vante, Nicolas (2017) Chalcogenide Electrocatalysts for Energy Conversion Fuel Cell. In: Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124095472133396

Abstract

Chalcogenide electrocatalysts are highly active for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in electrolytes containing small organics, such as methanol (CH3OH) and formic acid (HCOOH), thanks to its tolerance to poisoning. This property allows using them as tolerant cathodes of fuel cells that use highly concentrated liquid fuel. In this review a comprehensive discussion about the mechanism of ORR and tolerance of the chalcogenide electrocatalysts to small organic molecules is provided. Some aspects of the chemical synthesis and physical structure are also discussed. Chalcogenide-based cathodes of direct methanol fuel cell and novel membrane-less fuel cells can overcome the problem of the formation of a mixed potential due to the fuel crossover. Special attention is given to the use of tolerant cathodes to the laminar flow fuel cell and other membrane-less microsystems.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/118253/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Chalcogenide Electrocatalysts for Energy Conversion Fuel Cell
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gago, Aldoaldo.gago (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Luo, YunIC2MP UMR-CNRS 7285, University of Poitiers, 4 rue Michel Brunet, B27-BP633, 86022 Poitiers, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Alonso-Vante, NicolasIC2MP UMR-CNRS 7285, University of Poitiers, 4 rue Michel Brunet, B27-BP633, 86022 Poitiers, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Date:23 August 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Reedijk, Janreedijk@chem.leidenuniv.nl
Status:Published
Keywords:Chalcogenide; DMFC; Electrocatalyst; Methanol; Microfluidic fuel cell; MRFC; ORR; Tolerance; Transition metals
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Electrolysis and Hydrogen
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Elektrochemical Processes (Electrolysis)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Gago, Aldo
Deposited On:25 Jan 2018 14:12
Last Modified:25 Jan 2018 14:12

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