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ADEO PASSIVE DE-ORBIT SUBSYSTEM ACTIVITY LEADING TO A DRAGSAIL DEMONSTRATOR: CONCLUSION AND NEXT STEPS

Sinn, Thomas and Tiedemann, Lars and Riemer, Arne and Hahn, Robert and Spröwitz, Tom and Seefeldt, Patric and Sznajder, Maciej and Reershemius, Siebo and Meyer, Sebastian and Zander, Martin and Bunte, Karl Dietrich and Weikert, S. and Wiegand, A. and Cardone, Tiziana and Teti, Daniele and Knockert, Robert (2017) ADEO PASSIVE DE-ORBIT SUBSYSTEM ACTIVITY LEADING TO A DRAGSAIL DEMONSTRATOR: CONCLUSION AND NEXT STEPS. In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC. 68th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 25-29 September 2017, Adelaide, Australia.

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Abstract

The space debris environment, especially in low earth orbit, is an increasing risk for all spaceflight missions. Without effective mitigation measures the debris density will increase to a level where spaceflight becomes more and more endangered. Therefore, to ensure safety for future space flight, end-of-life de-orbiting of satellites and upper stages is required by the respective standards. Deployable gossamer structures for drag sails might offer a passive de- orbit solution. The paper at hand outlines the development of such a system applicable for LEO satellites between 100 kg to 1000kg. It is based on the Gossamer-1 technology of the German Aerospace Center (DLR). Further developments are pursued in the ESA project “Architectural Design and Testing of a De-orbiting Subsystem” (ADEO). The ADEO subsystem is a scalable drag augmentation device that uses the residual Earth atmosphere present in low Earth orbit. For initiation of the de-orbit maneuver a large surface is deployed which multiplies the drag effective surface of the satellite. Thereby the drag force is increased as well causing accelerated decay in Orbit altitude. Advantageous about a drag augmentation device is that it does not require any active steering and can be designed for passive attitude stabilization thereby making it applicable for non-operational, tumbling spacecraft as well. The ADEO subsystem consists of four deployable CFRP booms that span four sail segments with a total area of 25 m2 in a truncated pyramid shape configuration. While the sails are made of an aluminum coated polyimide foil, its coating thickness was chosen such that it provides sufficient protection from the space environment. To prove the survivability of the sail material in the space environment over 25 years de-orbiting time, multiple environmental tests were performed at material and sample level, including mechanical strength and stiffness tests, thermal cycling, atomic oxygen exposure tests, UV exposure tests, and high velocity impact tests, as well as crack propagation tests at room and reduced temperature. A fully functional full scale demonstrator with one sail and two booms has been subjected to environmental testing including, vibration, rapid decompression, deployment testing in thermal-vacuum environment and ambient conditions showing great performance. An overview of the design, the results the extensive demonstrator test campaign as well as the next steps leading to an in orbit demonstration will be the main body of this paper.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/118223/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:ADEO PASSIVE DE-ORBIT SUBSYSTEM ACTIVITY LEADING TO A DRAGSAIL DEMONSTRATOR: CONCLUSION AND NEXT STEPS
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Sinn, Thomassinn (at) hps-gmbh.comUNSPECIFIED
Tiedemann, LarsHPS GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Riemer, ArneHTS GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Hahn, RobertHTS GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Spröwitz, TomTom.Sproewitz (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5369-6919
Seefeldt, Patricpatric.seefeldt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sznajder, MaciejMaciej.Sznajder (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9917-0581
Reershemius, SieboSiebo.Reershemius (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Meyer, Sebastiansebastian.meyer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Zander, MartinMartin.Zander (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5972-2938
Bunte, Karl Dietrichetamax space GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Weikert, S.AstosUNSPECIFIED
Wiegand, A.Astos Solutions, Grund 1, 78089 Unterkirnach, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Cardone, TizianaESA/ESTECUNSPECIFIED
Teti, DanieleESA/ESTECUNSPECIFIED
Knockert, RobertUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:25 September 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:deorbitting, dragsail, testing, verification
Event Title:68th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Adelaide, Australia
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:25-29 September 2017
Organizer:IAF International Astronautical Federation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Institute of Space Systems
Deposited By: Zander, Martin E.
Deposited On:15 Jan 2018 12:31
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:53

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