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On the Development of the Eye Movement Conflict Detection Test

Gayraud, Katja and Eißfeldt, Hinnerk and Hasse, Catrin and Pannasch, Sebastian (2017) On the Development of the Eye Movement Conflict Detection Test. 14th European Conference on Psychological Assessment (ECPA14), 5. - 8. July 2017, Lisbon, Portugal. ISBN 978-972-95069-3-2.

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Pilots and air traffic controllers work in an environment where safety is highly relevant. Therefore, pilot and air traffic controller applicants pass through a multiple-stage selection process with several tests, including cognitive ability tests. Their test performance is usually assessed based on the number of correct answers, incorrect answers, and reaction times. These variables, however, provide only an indirect measure for visual attention, whereas eye tracking has the potential to estimate visual attention more directly. There is currently no cognitive selection test that uses eye movements as an indicator for psychological test performance. The role of eye tracking in the selection process needs to be examined. The computer-based Eye Movement Conflict Detection Test, which provides tasks in the context of aviation, was designed for this purpose. Here, first results from 251 applicants for pilot training or air traffic control training were presented. Participants had to detect potential conflicts between two aircraft as fast and accurately as possible and mark them via touch input. The 82 tasks contained conflicts equally distributed over a given sector. Applicants felt motivated to work on the test after finishing the regular test program of the first stage of the selection procedure. Item and test characteristics were analyzed. Items were selected using item analysis, leading to a final version with 50 tasks. Reliability analysis showed an adequate level of internal consistency for the conflict detection rate and task processing time. Results indicated that the Eye Movement Conflict Detection Test can be applied in eye tracking studies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/117674/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:On the Development of the Eye Movement Conflict Detection Test
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Gayraud, KatjaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6279-8642UNSPECIFIED
Eißfeldt, HinnerkUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5794-4470UNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:p. 134
Keywords:eye movements, visual attention, personnel selection, aviation, test development
Event Title:14th European Conference on Psychological Assessment (ECPA14)
Event Location:Lisbon, Portugal
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:5. - 8. July 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Gayraud, Dr. Katja
Deposited On:20 Dec 2017 11:14
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:35

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