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Optimization Techniques for Feature Detection of Orbital Debris

Sharif, Helia and Pfaab, Christian and Hölzel, Matthew (2017) Optimization Techniques for Feature Detection of Orbital Debris. 9th International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) Conference: Know Safety, No Pain, 16-20 October 2017, Toulouse, France. ISBN 9789082837803.

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Space debris is exponentially increasing and becoming a pressing concern, as demonstrated by the recent malfunctioning of the European Space Agency’s Envisat and the Japanese Space Agency’s Hitomi. In this study, we propose a novel vision-based feature detection technique for the next generation of satellites to perform autonomous obstacle avoidance. The study evaluates the strength and shortcomings of thermal and visible imaging to detect an approaching subject. For this purpose, the subject was imaged in various lighting conditions and contrasts of temperature relative to the ambient temperature. Preliminary results suggested that thermal imaging at distances greater than 2m offers a higher detection accuracy in contrast to using visible imaging. However, outdoors test proved that both images offered similar poor detection readings. Fluctuations of wind and turbulence may have contributed to the low performance of the thermal images, as well as extreme illuminations respectively impacted the detection results of the visible images which were observed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/117268/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Optimization Techniques for Feature Detection of Orbital Debris
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Pfaab, ChristianUniversität BremenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hölzel, MatthewUniversität BremenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2017
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Feature Detector, Homography Estimation, Infrared Imaging.
Event Title:9th International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) Conference: Know Safety, No Pain
Event Location:Toulouse, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16-20 October 2017
Organizer:International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Optical navigation on hybrid avionics architecture
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Deposited By: Sharif, Helia
Deposited On:14 Dec 2017 10:21
Last Modified:20 Aug 2021 10:24

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