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Synergetic integration of a methanol steam reforming cell with a high temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell

Ribeirinha, Paulo and Schuller, Gerhard and Boaventura, Marta and Mendes, Adelio (2017) Synergetic integration of a methanol steam reforming cell with a high temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (19), pp. 13902-13912. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.01.172 ISSN 0360-3199

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Abstract

In this work an integrated unit, combining a methanol steam-reforming cell (MSR-C) and a high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) was operated at the same temperature (453 K, 463 K and 473 K) allowing thermal integration and increasing the system efficiency of the combined system. A novel bipolar plate made of aluminium Gold plated was built, featuring the fuel cell anode flow field in one side and the reformer flow field on the other. The combined unit (MSR-C/HT-PEMFC) was assembled using Celtec® P2200N MEAs and commercial reforming catalyst CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 (BASF RP60). The water/ methanol vaporisation originates oscillations in the vapour flowrate; reducing these oscillations increase the methanol conversion from 93% to 96%. The MSR-C/HT-PEMFC showed a remarkable high performance at 453 K. The integrated unit was operated during ca. 700 h at constant at 0.2 A cm�2, fed alternately with hydrogen and reformate at 453 K and 463 K. Despite the high operating temperature, the HT-PEMFC showed a good stability, with an electric potential difference decreasing rate at 453 K of ca. 100 mV h�1. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis revealed an overall increase of the ohmic resistances and charge transfer resistances of the electrodes; this fact was assigned to phosphoric acid losses from the electrodes and membrane and catalyst particle size growth.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/117145/
Document Type:Article
Title:Synergetic integration of a methanol steam reforming cell with a high temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ribeirinha, PauloFEUPUNSPECIFIED
Schuller, GerhardGerhard.Schuller (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8151-493X
Boaventura, MartaLaboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente e Energia (LEPAE),UNSPECIFIED
Mendes, AdelioFaculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do PortoUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2017
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:42
DOI :10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.01.172
Page Range:pp. 13902-13912
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0360-3199
Status:Published
Keywords:Methanol steam reforming HT-PEMFC Heat integration H2 production
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC Fahrzeugkonzepte (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Friedrich, Prof.Dr. Kaspar Andreas
Deposited On:21 Dec 2017 15:56
Last Modified:21 Dec 2017 15:56

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