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A new Type Line-Array for Acoustic Source Localization at Drive-By Tests of Trains

Henning, Arne and Lauterbach, Andreas and Bode, Maik and Schuster, Roland and Ehrenfried, Klaus (2018) A new Type Line-Array for Acoustic Source Localization at Drive-By Tests of Trains. In: New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics XI Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design 136, 136. Springer. pp. 557-566. ISBN 978-3-319-64518-6. ISSN 1612-2909

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64519-3


Abstract/Kurzfassung: The application of microphone arrays for the allocation of sound sources at objects moving along a known trajectory is of special interest in case of the investigation of noise-sources at trains. Especially in case of high-speed trains it is a challenging task, since the angular velocity of the sound sources is high if the recording takes place at close distances of around 10 m from the track. Different techniques exist for the localization and quantification of sound sources. Examples are elliptical acoustic mirrors and phased microphone arrays. In case of microphone-arrays the focussing process is carried out by means of summing up signals from different sensors with defined phase delay. A short overview of the history of microphone array measurements for train investigations is provided by Michel 2006. In order to detect a flat or even spatial distribution of sound sources with a directional microphone with a concave acoustic mirror, the concave mirror has to be moved with the microphone at its focal point for scanning the volume of interest. This implies a fixed position of the sound sources of interest. When using a microphone-array, the focus point can be varied as desired in the post-processing of the recorded signals, leading to much smaller acquisition times compared to measurements with acoustic mirrors. However, a high spatial resolution requires a large number of microphones distributed on a 2-dimensional mesh. In the following a new type of microphone-array combining a line array with a two-dimensional elliptical acoustic mirror is described. The combination of both techniques allows a three-dimensional reconstruction of the source distribution. The design was successfully tested on a high speed train track in Germany, which is used by different type of Inter City Express and other passenger trains. It was possible to improve the quality of the results signifficantly and individual wheel sets and aeroacoustic noise caused by roof structures can be identified in the source maps.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/116270/
Document Type:Contribution to a Collection
Additional Information:ISSN 1860-0824 (elektronisch; ISBN 978-3-319-64519-3 (eBook); doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64519-3_50
Title:A new Type Line-Array for Acoustic Source Localization at Drive-By Tests of Trains
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Henning, Arneextern.henning (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lauterbach, AndreasAndreas.Lauterbach (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schuster, Rolandroland.schuster (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ehrenfried, KlausKlaus.Ehrenfried (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics XI
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-64519-3
Page Range:pp. 557-566
Dillmann, AndreasDLR Göttingen
Heller, GerdAirbus Bremen
Krämer, EwaldUNI Stuttgart
Wagner, ClausDLR Göttingen
Bansmer, StephanTU Braunschweig
Radespiel, RolfTU Braunschweig
Semaan, RichardTU Braunschweig
Series Name:Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design 136
Keywords:Akustik, Messtechnik, Züge
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Next Generation Train III (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems, GO
Deposited By: Bachmann, Barbara
Deposited On:07 Dec 2017 15:32
Last Modified:24 May 2018 11:08

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