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On-board Trajectory Computation for Mars Atmospheric Entry Based on Parametric Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Control Problems

Seelbinder, David (2017) On-board Trajectory Computation for Mars Atmospheric Entry Based on Parametric Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Control Problems. Dissertation, Universität Bremen.

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Official URL: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00106076-16

Abstract

This thesis develops a precision guidance algorithm for the entry of a small capsule into the atmosphere of Mars. The entry problem is treated as nonlinear optimal control problem and the thesis focuses on developing a suboptimal feedback law. Therefore parametric sensitivity analysis of optimal control problems is combined with dynamic programming. This approach enables a real-time capable, locally suboptimal feedback scheme. The optimal control problem is initially considered in open loop fashion. To synthesize the feedback law, the optimal control problem is embedded into a family of neighboring problems, which are described by a parameter vector. The optimal solution for a nominal set of parameters is determined using direct optimization methods. In addition the directional derivatives (sensitivities) of the optimal solution with respect to the parameters are computed. Knowledge of the nominal solution and the sensitivities allows, under certain conditions, to apply Taylor series expansion to approximate the optimal solution for disturbed parameters almost instantly. Additional correction steps can be applied to improve the optimality of the solution and to eliminate errors in the constraints. To transfer this strategy to the closed loop system, the computation of the sensitivities is performed with respect to different initial conditions. Determining the perturbation direction and interpolating between sensitivities of neighboring initial conditions allows the approximation of the extremal field in a neighborhood of the nominal trajectory. This constitutes a locally suboptimal feedback law. The proposed strategy is applied to the atmospheric entry problem. The developed algorithm is part of the main control loop, i.e. optimal controls and trajectories are computed at a fixed rate, taking into account the current state and parameters. This approach is combined with a trajectory tracking controller based on the aerodynamic drag. The performance and the strengths and weaknesses of this two degree of freedom guidance system are analyzed using Monte Carlo simulation. Finally the real-time capability of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated in a flight representative processor-in-the-loop environment.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/116252/
Document Type:Thesis (Dissertation)
Title:On-board Trajectory Computation for Mars Atmospheric Entry Based on Parametric Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Control Problems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Seelbinder, Daviddavid.seelbinder (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4080-3169
Date:22 August 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Bremen
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:161
Status:Published
Keywords:Real-time optimal control; parametric sensitivity analysis; entry guidance; trajectory optimization
Institution:Universität Bremen
Department:Fachbereich 3 Mathematik und Informatik
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Shefex III
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Deposited By: Seelbinder, David
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 12:44
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:13

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