elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Privacy Policy | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

Unravelling the secret of the resistance of desert strains of Chroococcidiopsis to desiccation and radiation

Billi, Daniela and Fagliarone, Claudia and Verseux, Cyprien and Mosca, Claudia and Baque, Mickael and Wilmotte, Annick (2017) Unravelling the secret of the resistance of desert strains of Chroococcidiopsis to desiccation and radiation. SCAR 2017 (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research), 10-14 July 2017, Leuven, Belgium.

[img] PDF
92kB

Official URL: https://kuleuvencongres.be/scarbiology2017/articles/bookofabstracts

Abstract

Chroococcidiopsis is a unicellular cyanobacterial genus that is growing in extreme dry conditions, either in low or high temperatures. At the lower end of the spectrum, they live as cryptoendoliths in rocks of the Mc Murdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica where they were discovered by Imre Friedmann, while at the higher end, they grow as hypoliths/endoliths in hot deserts, e.g. Negev, Gobi, Atacama (Friedman, 1980). The capacity of desert strains of Chroococcidiopsis to stabilize their sub-cellular organization is so efficient that, when dried, they can cope with simulated space and Martian conditions (Billi et al 2011 ; Baqué et al. 2013a) as well as with high doses of ionizing and UV radiations (Verseux et al. 2017 ; Baqué et al. 2013b). Since it is known for radiation/desiccation tolerant bacteria that the capability to avoid protein oxidation is critical to cope with such stressors (Frederickson et al. 2008; Daly et al. 2007), the present study investigates the protein oxidation after prolonged desiccation, irradiation with gamma-rays up to 25kGy and treatment with hydrogen peroxide in a selection of desert Chroococcidiopsis isolates, including 2 Antarctic strains: CCMEE134 and CMEE171 isolated from Beacon Valley and University Valley, respectively (Mc Murdo Dry Valleys). A tight correlation was observed between the desiccation and radiation tolerance of the investigated desert strains and the absence of oxidative damage to proteins. The efficiency of the antioxidant systems of the desert strains of Chroococcidiopsis was highlighted also by the lack of protein carbonylation until treatment with 1M of oxygen peroxide. The phylogenetic analysis of the investigated 11 desert strains of Chroococcidiopsis is reported. References Baqué, M. et al. 2013a. Biofilm and planktonic lifestyles differently support the resistance of the desert cyanobacterium Chroococcidiopsis under space and Martian simulations. Origin of Life and Evolution of Biospheres 3,377-89. Baqué, M. et al. 2013b. Endurance of the endolithic desert cyanobacterium Chroococcidiopsis under UVC radiation. Extremophiles 17,161-169. Billi, D. et 2011. Damage escape and repair in dried Chroococcidiopsis spp. from hot and cold deserts exposed to simulated space and Martian conditions. Astrobiology 11,65-73. Daly, M.J. et al., 2007. Protein oxidation implicated as the primary determinant of bacterial radioresistance. PLoS Biology, 5(4), p.e92. Fredrickson, J.K. et al. (2008) Protein oxidation: key to bacterial desiccation resistance? Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2:393-403 Friedmann, E.I. 1980. Endolithic microbial life in hot and cold deserts. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres10, 223-235. Verseux, C. et al. 2017. Evaluation of the resistance of Chroococcidiopsis spp. to sparsely and densely ionizing irradiation. Astrobiology 17,118-125 This work was supported by the Italian National Antarctic Research Program This work is dedicated to the memory of Roseli Ocampo-Friedmann and E. Imre Friedmann who pioneered the research on Chroococcidiopsis and life in extreme environments

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/116219/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Unravelling the secret of the resistance of desert strains of Chroococcidiopsis to desiccation and radiation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Billi, Danieladepartment of biology, laboratory of astrobiology and molecular biology of cyanobacteria from extreme environments, university of rome tor vergata, rome, italy.UNSPECIFIED
Fagliarone, Claudiadepartment of biology, laboratory of astrobiology and molecular biology of cyanobacteria from extreme environments, university of rome tor vergata, rome, italy.UNSPECIFIED
Verseux, Cypriendepartment of biology, laboratory of astrobiology and molecular biology of cyanobacteria from extreme environments, university of rome tor vergata, rome, italy.UNSPECIFIED
Mosca, Claudiadepartment of biology, laboratory of astrobiology and molecular biology of cyanobacteria from extreme environments, university of rome tor vergata, rome, italy.UNSPECIFIED
Baque, MickaelMickael.Baque (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6696-6030
Wilmotte, Annickuniversity of liege, liège, belgiumUNSPECIFIED
Date:10 July 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:desiccation resistance, radiation resistance, cyanobacteria, Chroococcidiopsis, protein damage, gamma irradiation
Event Title:SCAR 2017 (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research)
Event Location:Leuven, Belgium
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:10-14 July 2017
Organizer:SCAR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Deposited By: Baque, Dr. Mickael
Deposited On:29 Nov 2017 10:19
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:13

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Browse
Search
Help & Contact
Information
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2017 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.