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BIOMEX on EXPOSE-R2: First results on the preservation of Raman biosignatures after space exposure

Baque, Mickael and Böttger, Ute and Leya, Thomas and de Vera, Jean Pierre Paul (2017) BIOMEX on EXPOSE-R2: First results on the preservation of Raman biosignatures after space exposure. EGU General Assembly 2017, 23-28 April 2017, Vienna, Austria.

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Official URL: http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2017/EGU2017-3697.pdf


After a 15-month exposure onboard the EXPOSE-R2 space platform, situated on the outside of the International Space Station, four astrobiology experiments successfully came back to Earth in March and June 2016. Among them, the BIOMEX (BIOlogy and Mars EXperiment) experiment aims at investigating the endurance of extremophiles and stability of biomolecules under space and Mars-like conditions in the presence of Martian mineral analogues [1]. The preservation and evolution of Raman biosignatures under such conditions is of particular interest for guiding future search-for-life missions to Mars (and other planetary objects) carrying Raman spectrometers (such as the Raman Laser Spectrometer instrument on board the future ExoMars rover). The photoprotective carotenoid pigments (present either in photosynthetic organisms such as plants, algae, cyanobacteria and in some bacteria and archaea) have been classified as high priority targets for biomolecule detection on Mars and therefore used as biosignature models due to their stability and easy identification by Raman spectroscopy [2]. We report here on the first results from the analysis of two carotenoids containing organisms: the cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. (strain CCCryo 231-06; = UTEX EE21 and CCMEE 391) isolated from Antarctica and the green alga cf. Sphaerocystis sp. (strain CCCryo 101-99) isolated from Spitsbergen. Desiccated cells of these organisms were exposed to space and simulated Mars-like conditions in space in the presence of two Martian mineral analogues (phyllosilicatic and sulfatic Mars regolith simulants) and a Lunar regolith analogue and analyzed with a 532nm Raman microscope at 1mW laser power. Carotenoids in both organisms were surprisingly still detectable at relatively high levels after being exposed for 15 months in Low Earth Orbit to UV, cosmic rays, vacuum (or Mars-like atmosphere) and temperatures stresses regardless of the mineral matrix used. Further analyses will help us to correlate these results with survival potential, cellular damages or stability and the different extremophiles tested in the BIOMEX experiment.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/116120/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:BIOMEX on EXPOSE-R2: First results on the preservation of Raman biosignatures after space exposure
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Baque, MickaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6696-6030UNSPECIFIED
Leya, Thomasfraunhofer izi-bb, potsdam, germanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:p. 3697
Series Name:Geophysical Research Abstracts
Keywords:Biosignatures; space experiments; BIOMEX; Raman spectroscopy
Event Title:EGU General Assembly 2017
Event Location:Vienna, Austria
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:23-28 April 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Deposited By: Baqué, Dr. Mickael
Deposited On:28 Nov 2017 10:11
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:13

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